At Last the National Audubon Society is starting to realize the harm wind turbines are doing!
PROTECT AMERICA'S BALD AND GOLDEN EAGLES
Unless we act quickly, Bald and Golden eagles face 30 years of death
and injury at the hands of wind power companies. Instead of protecting
our national symbol, the Interior Department is preparing to knuckle
under to industry lobbyists and sanction the killings.
Tell Interior Secretary Jewell the issuing of a 30-year incidental
take permit for wind farms is unconscionable-and must be
At issue is a permit Interior is granting the wind industry that lets
them kill Bald and Golden eagles despite little if any certainty that
the permitting regime can protect eagle populations. Wind farms are
often placed in the path of eagle migration routes and dozens perish
every year as they collide with invisibly whirling blades and high
Newer technology and siting information is available that could pose
less risk to birds, but the Interior's action has given the wind
industry every reason to dawdle. As a result hundreds of eagles will
sustain horrible injuries and death.
Those deaths could be averted.
Wind energy is an important piece of moving America beyond fossil
fuels. But it is possible for wind farms and birds to co-exist more
peacefully. Sadly, if Interior's plan goes forward, that will
not be the case.
Please act now-America's eagles deserve better than this.
'George Osborne finances a tiny group of extremely wealthy men to let someone else put up wind turbines on their land, or at least he did until Thursday.' Illustration: Satoshi Kambayashi
Is it fair for the chancellor to cut pensions for the poor while offering a million pounds a year to the Duke of Roxburghe for letting the wind blow? Is it fair to offer half a million to the Earl of Moray, a third of a million to the Earl of Glasgow, and a quarter of a million to the Duke of Beaufort, Sir Alastair Gordon Cumming and Sir Reginald Sheffield, the prime minister's father-in-law? Is it fair to promise a reported £1bn to Charles Connell over the next 25 years?
I am not particularly egalitarian. I support austerity in the public finances and accept that this may require a bit of smooth with the rough. But George Osborne is going beyond smooth.
British energy policy is chaotic. It is intellectually incoherent, lurching from fashion to fad with each lurch breeding a pile of taxpayer cash and a carnival of lobbyists out to protect it. Never in the history of public subsidy can so much have been paid by so many to so few.
I have sympathy with the wind lobby in one respect. Its members are trying to turn an honest penny and must plan ahead. Just a couple of years ago they were told by wind's most fanatical subsidiser, Chris Huhne, to plan for 10,000 onshore turbines. Contracts were promised. Public money was unlimited. Offshore wind alone would "generate 20,000 British jobs". It was rubbish. The giant Sheringham field is so Norwegian that the country's crown prince was invited to declare it open.
There are almost no British jobs. The German firm Siemens makes most British turbines and sensibly does not rely on British government policy for its investment. It builds on the continent. Its competitor Vestas has pulled the plug on a plant in Kent, and South Korea's Doosan has done likewise in Glasgow. The energy required to mine the turbines' rare minerals and build, import and erect them makes a mockery of their "greenness".
The industry lobby, RenewableUK, on Thursday deplored what it suspected was a "political decision" to cut subsidy, and it was right. The switch reeked of Downing Street's obsession with Ukip, which has shrewdly opposed wind turbines. But an industry that is effectively a state subcontractor must accept such whims. The golden goose would never last.
I have spent two years traipsing Britain in search of the finest views. It is hard to convey the devastating impact of the turbines to those who have not seen them, especially a political elite that never leaves the south-east except for abroad. Fields of these structures are now rising almost everywhere. They are sited irrespective of the wind, since subsidy is paid irrespective of supply, even if there is none. It makes EU agricultural policy a paragon of sanity.
Turbines are to surround Cornwall and stretch along the north Devon coast. They will form a wall off the Dorset shore. They will line Offa's Dyke from Gwent to Shropshire, with a single giant on Clyro Hill looking down the Wye Valley like Rio's Christ the Redeemer. The once desolate Cambrian Mountains are on the way to being an estate of 840 turbines filling views in every direction.
The shires of Northampton, Nottingham and Cambridge are already gathering turbines. Heckington Fen in Lincolnshire may have ones higher than Lincoln cathedral. They are to appear in the Forest of Bowland in Lancashire, in the Brontë country of Yorkshire and on Spurn point off the Humber.
The wildest coastline left in England, in Northumberland, is being flanked by 70 turbines. In Scotland the Roxburghe array of 400 turbines has turned the once lovely Lammermuir Hills into a power station. Inverness and Caithness are to lose their open vistas, as are the Shetlands and the islands off Argyll. Scottish aristocrats have not seen such a turn in fortune since the Highland clearances.
Britain's landscape has never before been subject to such visual transformation. Human hands have always refashioned the country, urban and rural alike, but they have not industrialised its appearance on remotely this scale. Roads, railway lines, quarries, even towns and cities, are inconspicuous compared to wind turbines. Few of Britain's greatest views will be free of the sight of them.
Mostly the gain is footling. Turbines seldom produce their declared capacity. The one that towers over the M4 at Reading generates just 16% of its capacity. What they really generate is money, up to £30,000 a year each in subsidy. The billions poured into wind would have been far better spent – as energy professor Dieter Helm, the consultants KPMG and others have long argued – in pursuing lower emissions through energy efficiency and cleaner carbon.
Yet the myth that wind is "free" has driven politicians mad. They have chased the length and breadth of the land showering quantities of public money on a tiny handful of the rich. Britain's modern landscape is their memorial.
Builders of proposed wind farm drop plans(Near Everglades)
By Andy Reid, Sun Sentinel7:26 p.m. EST, November 26, 2013
Developers of a disputed energy-producing wind farm have dropped their plans to build 500-foot-tall turbines on the edge of the Everglades, a project representative confirmed Tuesday.
Environmental groups long opposed allowing the Sugarland Wind project to be built on western Palm Beach County farmland. Opponents argued that its towering, whirling blades posed too great a risk to endangered wood storks, Everglades snail kites and other migrating birds.
Despite the risk to birds, the Palm Beach CountyCommission last year allowed the Sugarland Wind proposal to move forward. And this month the Florida Department of Environmental Protection approved a state environmental permit that the wind farm needed for construction.
But with federal regulators were still reviewing the Sugarland Wind proposal, representatives for the Wind Capital Group — the company proposing the wind farm — this week notified the state that they no longer planned to proceed.
"They are no longer pursuing the Sugarland Wind project," Geoff West, the former environmental manager for the project, said Tuesday. "It's sad to see."
West said "market issues" and changes to state law favoring other forms of renewable energy stopped the project, not the bird concerns.
"The environmental issues you can work around," West said. Audubon of Florida and the Sierra Club were among the environmental groups that opposed the Sugarland Wind project, saying its proposed location was too risky for birds drawn to the Everglades and Lake Okeechobee.
"Alternative energy is critical for our future needs, but it must be in the right place. This large-scale project would have posed unreasonable risks to our treasured wildlife," said Jane Graham, Audubon's Everglades policy associate.
The obvious finally is happening after all the greenies mocked the those saying that wildlife killing renewable power like wind and solar weren't up to the task and that we should be utilizing Nuclear power for CO2 free inexpensive power.
Wait -- pro-nuclear environmentalists? Isn't that an oxymoron? Apparently, not so much anymore.
Embracing nuclear is the only way, the scientists believe, to reverse the looming threat of climate change which they blame on fossil fuels. Depending who you ask, they're either abandoning -- or leading -- traditional environmentalists who for a half-century have rejected clean-burning nuclear power as too expensive or too dangerous. Opponents cite disasters at Fukushima, Chernobyl and Three Mile island.
The fear is that time is running out. Without nuclear, the scientists believe global energy consumption will overtake the planet's ability to reverse the buildup of carbon dioxide pollution from burning oil, coal and other fossil fuels. At risk, said Hansen, are disintegrating polar ice sheets and rising sea levels which will threaten coastal regions.
Nuclear power is burgeoning in some parts of the world and shrinking in others. Asia is embracing it -- except Japan -- which is still struggling to figure out how to safely deal with the dangerously radioactive Fukushima nuclear power plant.
"We've got four top guns in the environmental movement telling [German Chancellor] Angela Merkel, 'You're wrong to shut down nuclear,'" said Richter. "I think that's a relatively big deal."
Are we witnessing the birth of a mutiny within the environmental movement? Will typical 21st-century environmentalists eventually embrace the power of the atom? A leading environmental group opposed to nuclear power says no.
"I don't think it's very significant that a few people have changed their minds about nuclear power," said Ralph Cavanagh of the Natural Resources Defense Council. Nuclear fuel may burn cleaner, the NRDC says, but comes with too many safety issues and too high of a price tag.
The letter admits "today's nuclear plants are far from perfect." However, "... there is no credible path to climate stabilization that does not include a substantial role for nuclear power."
The four scientists say they have no connection to "Pandora's Promise," which blames resistance to nuclear energy on groundless fears rooted in the Cold War, Chernobyl in 1986 and 1979's Three Mile Island.
Nuclear power is dying a slow death in the market place.
Ralph Cavanagh, Natural Resources Defense Council
In the documentary, which debuts on CNN Thursday at 9 p.m. ET/PT, climate change activist and author Mark Lynas says he knew publicly supporting nuclear energy would put his entire career at risk. "I'd have been much better just to keep my mouth shut," he admits in the film. "But I couldn't do that."
Cavanagh said the "movie attempts to establish the proposition that mainstream environmentalists are pouring into nuclear advocacy today. They aren't. I've been in the NRDC since 1979. I have a pretty good idea of where the mainstream environmental groups are and have been. I've seen no movement."
Selling nuclear energy to environmentalists is a tough pitch. Hansen acknowledged that many of them won't easily buy into it. Parts of the community operate like "a religion of sorts, which makes it very difficult," Hansen said. "They're not all objectively looking at the pros and cons."
The NRDC hasn't rejected nuclear power out of hand, Cavanagh said. It constantly evaluates nuclear power and "everything else," he said. "I think that's our obligation." Is it possible to be both an environmentalist and a supporter of nuclear power? "You can be," Cavanagh said.
Hansen has been spreading his message to the community's top influencers.
He tells of a recent meeting with Al Gore where he tried to sell the former vice president on how advanced nuclear technology might stabilize climate change. Gore invited two anti-nuclear advocates to the meeting, Hansen said, and by the time it was all over, Gore was unmoved. "I mean, Al essentially understands that we had better try to develop safer, better nuclear power," said Hansen, "but he won't come out and say that."
Here's what Gore did say publicly about it during a recent Reddit "Ask Me Anything" chat: nuclear energy "will continue to play a limited role, and IF the ongoing [research and development] produces cheaper, safer, smaller reactors, they may yet play a more significant role."
Among nuclear energy supporters, France remains a hero nation. In the 1970s, it chose to invest heavily in nuclear power creating a system that boasts some of the cheapest energy and cleanest air on the planet.
Germany puts out about 18% of its power with nuclear. But with the upcoming nuke phase-out, there are doubts about whether Germany can offset its nuclear output with wind and other clean energy sources.
Michael Limburg, vice president of the European Institute for Climate and Energy, told CNN in September that the government's energy targets are "completely unfeasible."
"Of course, it's possible to erect tens of thousands of windmills but only at an extreme cost and waste of natural space," he said. "And still it would not be able to deliver electricity when it is needed."
"Nuclear power is dying a slow death in the market place, which is what matters in determining its future," said Cavanagh.
As an alternative, the NRDC is touting efficiency. Energy-saving technology is becoming so successful, according to a new NRDC report, that efficiency has "significant potential to dramatically reduce power plant emissions." Total U.S. energy use peaked in 2007 and has been trending downward ever since, the NRDC says.
On the other hand, scientists in "Pandora's Promise" claim energy consumption globally could double by 2050 -- and perhaps triple or quadruple by 2100 -- as growing nations like China, India and Brazil start to want more energy.
A United Nations report released last month re-confirmed Hansen's fears. The study concluded that the planet is heating up, the oceans are rising and there's more evidence that neither development is natural.
Hansen, who was among the initial wave of scientists warning about climate change in the 1980s, said Friday he fears most its "irreversible effects."
"Once we get to a certain point and the ice sheets start to disintegrate, then you can't stop it."
Then Hansen paused. "And we're getting very close to that point."
If we stay on the current path, he said, "those are the consequences we'll be leaving to our children. The best candidate to avoid that is nuclear power. It's ready now. We need to take advantage of it."
The photograph, taken at BrightSource Energy's Ivanpah plant in east San Bernardino County, has raised the stakes for a similar project in Riverside County. Months from final state and federal approvals, the Palen solar thermal power system could put two 750-foot-tall solar towers and thousands of reflecting mirrors near two of the region's key wildlife refuges and stopping points for birds migrating along the Pacific Flyway.
The project is roughly 50 miles from both the Salton Sea to the southwest and the Cibola National Wildlife Refuge in Arizona to the southeast.
"A migrating bird has to be in top form, having the flight feathers in really good shape," said ornithology collections manager Kimball L. Garrett of the Museum of Natural History of Los Angeles County, who has not seen the picture from Ivanpah but has been concerned about bird deaths at large solar projects.
"If some of its flight feathers are damaged, what does that mean for the rest of the bird's migration?" he said. "It weakens feathers. These are things people don't study because — how can you?"
Trying to estimate how many birds could be injured or killed because of large-scale solar projects and what might be done to prevent deaths has become a pressing concern for solar developers and environmental agencies as these projects multiply. Developers hope to have the Palen project online in 2016.
Of 34 birds reported dead or injured at Ivanpah in September, 15 had melted feathers. Dozens of other bird carcasses, not singed but with critical injuries, have been found in recent months at two solar projects about to go online on public land between Joshua Tree National Park and Blythe, Calif., a town of 20,800 on Interstate 10 near the Arizona border.
Last month, 19 birds, 16 of them water fowl or marsh birds, were found dead at Desert Sunlight, a 550-megawatt photovoltaic plant about 50 miles east of Indio, Calif. The carcass of a Yuma clapper rail, a federally endangered, medium-sized marsh bird, was found at the project in May.
Environmentalists aired their concerns about potential bird deaths at Palen at a recent public hearing on the project, and days later, state officials issued a call for more information on how to minimize chances of birds being singed or burned. A key question the California Energy Commission raised in a Nov. 1 memorandum was how to measure when bird deaths might be excessive enough to consider a temporary shutdown of a plant.
BrightSource, federal, state and local agencies, and environmental and tribal groups are invited, but not required, to provide answers to the commission's questions as part of legal briefs typically submitted during a permitting process for large solar plants.
The problem is the intense radiation — called solar flux — from the project's 170,000 reflecting mirrors that will surround two 750-foot-tall towers that would become the tallest structures in Riverside County.Sunlight from the mirrors will superheat liquid in boilers at the top of the towers, creating steam that in turn will power a turbine.
Pacific Gas & Electric has contracts with BrightSource to buy the electricity from the plant, which could power up to 200,000 homes.
BrightSource declined to comment for this story, and company representatives consistently have avoided discussing bird mortality.
Before a public hearing, the company submitted a presentation on possible methods for scaring birds away. Barking dogs or trained falcons might be effective, depending on the species, but the methods need more research, the report said. Radio-controlled airplanes or water-cannon or shotgun blasts also might prove effective, but only with sustained onsite monitoring. Fake owls might prevent mortality, but only until the birds get used to the statues.
Experts are dubious about most of those methods.
"Owls won't work, barking dogs, cannons making a series of booms — birds tend to habituate to those things," said Robert McKernan, director of the San Bernardino County Museum, who in the 1980s did some of the first studies on bird deaths at an early solar tower project.
"You've got to look at the relative width of that envelope that's off the tower," he said, referring to the solar flux coming off the mirrors that will surround the towers in concentric circles, spreading out over the project's 3,800-acre footprint.
At the same time, both McKernan and Garrett said the bird deaths at solar projects need to be seen in the larger context of mortality rates for migratory birds in general, which are already high from natural and other man-made causes. Millions of birds die yearly flying into windows and buildings.
"A few golden eagles killed by wind turbines is significant — they are large, long-lived birds that don't have high reproduction rates — whereas a dozen mallards or ruddy ducks probably on a population level is pretty insignificant," Garrett said. "The problem is gauging cumulative impacts."
Many migratory bird species are now in decline because of climate change, drought and habitat loss, McKernan said.
The Riverside East solar zone, as the public land between Joshua Tree and Blythe has been designated, is a solar-industrial corridor along I-10 that federal officials once envisioned would have up to 80% of its 148,000 acres in panels or mirrors.
Today, that seems unlikely. Industry trends are toward smaller solar projects and the U.S. Department of Energy's loan-guarantee program has ended. Still, the region could see a significant number of projects.
The first phase of Genesis, a 250-megawatt solar thermal project, using large parabolic troughs instead of solar towers, is scheduled to go online by the end of the year, as will Desert Sunlight, which Next Era Energy owns with GE Energy Financial Services and Sumitomo Corp. of America. The 750-megawatt photovoltaic McCoy project is approved, and its first 250 megawatts are likely to begin construction next year, company officials said.
If approved, Palen would be the second solar tower project in the region. Santa Monica, Calif.-based SolarReserve also expects to break ground on a 150-megawatt project. Two other photovoltaic projects also are earlier along in the pipeline.
Predicting the number of birds at risk if all the projects were to go online is impossible, said Eric Davis, assistant regional director for migratory birds and state programs at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
"Bird migration studies have to wait for bird migrations," he said. "It's not like we're going to have the answers in two weeks. This is going to be months and years of trying to better understand the problem and then make better management decisions as we gain more scientific understanding."
Along with radiation injuries, scientists are concerned about bird deaths linked to confusion because of the shimmering expanses of solar panels in the desert. At photovoltaic projects such as Desert Sunlight, dark, flat solar panels are spread out over hundreds of acres in what may look like a big lake to migrating birds flying overhead.
Water or shore birds attempting to land on the panels either could hit them with enough force to injure themselves or, stranded on dry land, be unable to take off again.
Autopsies have shown the cause of death for many birds at Desert Sunlight has been blunt force trauma when the animals collide with panels mistaken for water, Davis said.
"With power towers, it's different," he said, referring to Ivanpah. "The solar flux has singed some birds. The heat has denatured the protein in their feathers, and they can't fly."
First Solar, the Arizona company building Desert Sunlight, has downplayed the possibility that the panels draw the birds. More than 60% of carcasses on the site have been found away from panels, said Steve Krum, director of global communications.
The quote from below sums it up well " at the present time, no post-construction remedies, except “curtailment” (i.e., shut-down), have been developed that can “render safe” a wind turbine placed in a location of high avian collision risk"
Department of Justice
Office of Public Affairs
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Friday, November 22, 2013
Utility Company Sentenced in Wyoming for Killing Protected Birds at Wind Projects
Duke Energy Renewables Inc., a subsidiary of Duke Energy Corp., based in Charlotte, N.C., pleaded guilty in U.S. District Court in Wyoming today to violating the federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) in connection with the deaths of protected birds, including golden eagles, at two of the company’s wind projects in Wyoming. This case represents the first ever criminal enforcement of the Migratory Bird Treaty Act for unpermitted avian takings at wind projects.
Under a plea agreement with the government, the company was sentenced to pay fines, restitution and community service totaling $1 million and was placed on probation for five years, during which it must implement an environmental compliance plan aimed at preventing bird deaths at the company’s four commercial wind projects in the state. The company is also required to apply for an Eagle Take Permit which, if granted, will provide a framework for minimizing and mitigating the deaths of golden eagles at the wind projects.
The charges stem from the discovery of 14 golden eagles and 149 other protected birds, including hawks, blackbirds, larks, wrens and sparrows by the company at its “Campbell Hill” and “Top of the World” wind projects in Converse County between 2009 and 2013. The two wind projects are comprised of 176 large wind turbines sited on private agricultural land.
According to the charges and other information presented in court, Duke Energy Renewables Inc. failed to make all reasonable efforts to build the projects in a way that would avoid the risk of avian deaths by collision with turbine blades, despite prior warnings about this issue from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). However, the company cooperated with the USFWS investigation and has already implemented measures aimed at minimizing avian deaths at the sites.
“This case represents the first criminal conviction under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act for unlawful avian takings at wind projects,” said Robert G. Dreher, Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Justice Department's Environment and Natural Resources Division. “In this plea agreement, Duke Energy Renewables acknowledges that it constructed these wind projects in a manner it knew beforehand would likely result in avian deaths. To its credit, once the projects came on line and began causing avian deaths, Duke took steps to minimize the hazard, and with this plea agreement has committed to an extensive compliance plan to minimize bird deaths at its Wyoming facilities and to devote resources to eagle preservation and rehabilitation efforts.”
“The Service works cooperatively with companies that make all reasonable efforts to avoid killing migratory birds during design, construction and operation of industrial facilities,” said William Woody, Assistant Director for Law Enforcement of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. “But we will continue to investigate and refer for prosecution cases in which companies - in any sector, including the wind industry - fail to comply with the laws that protect the public’s wildlife resources.”
More than 1,000 species of birds, including bald and golden eagles, are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA). The MBTA, enacted in 1918, implements this country’s commitments under avian protection treaties with Great Britain (for Canada), Mexico, Japan and Russia. The MBTA provides a misdemeanor criminal sanction for the unpermitted taking of a listed species by any means and in any manner, regardless of fault. The maximum penalty for an unpermitted corporate taking under the MBTA is $15,000 or twice the gross gain or loss resulting from the offense, and five years’ probation.
According to papers filed with the court, commercial wind power projects can cause the deaths of federally protected birds in four primary ways: collision with wind turbines, collision with associated meteorological towers, collision with, or electrocution by, associated electrical power facilities, and nest abandonment or behavior avoidance from habitat modification. Collision and electrocution risks from power lines (collisions and electrocutions) and guyed structures (collision) have been known to the utility and communication industries for decades, and specific methods of minimizing and avoiding the risks have been developed, in conjunction with the USFWS. The USFWS issued its first interim guidance about how wind project developers could avoid impacts to wildlife from wind turbines in 2003, and replaced these with a “tiered” approach outlined in the Land-Based Wind Energy Guidelines (2012 LBWEGs), developed with the wind industry starting in 2007 and released in final form by the USFWS on March 23, 2012. The Service also released Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance in April 2013 and strongly recommends that companies planning or operating wind power facilities in areas where eagles occur work with the agency to implement that guidance completely.
For wind projects, due diligence during the pre-construction stage—as described in the 2003 Interim Guidelines and tiers I through III in the 2012 LBWEGs—by surveying the wildlife present in the proposed project area, consulting with agency professionals, determining whether the risk to wildlife is too high to justify proceeding and, if not, carefully siting turbines so as to avoid and minimize the risk as much as possible, is critically important because, unlike electric distribution equipment and guyed towers, at the present time, no post-construction remedies, except “curtailment” (i.e., shut-down), have been developed that can “render safe” a wind turbine placed in a location of high avian collision risk. Other experimental measures to reduce prey, detect and deter avian proximity to turbines are being tested. In the western United States, golden eagles may be particularly susceptible to wind turbine blade collision by wind power facilities constructed in areas of high eagle use.
The $400,000 fine imposed in the case will be directed to the federally-administered North American Wetlands Conservation Fund. The company will also pay $100,000 in restitution to the State of Wyoming, and perform community service by making a $160,000 payment to the congressionally-chartered National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, designated for projects aimed at preserving golden eagles and increasing the understanding of ways to minimize and monitor interactions between eagles and commercial wind power facilities, as well as enhance eagle rehabilitation and conservation efforts in Wyoming. Duke Energy Renewables is also required to contribute $340,000 to a conservation fund for the purchase of land, or conservation easements on land, in Wyoming containing high-use golden eagle habitat, which will be preserved and managed for the benefit of that species. The company must implement a migratory bird compliance plan containing specific measures to avoid and minimize golden eagle and other avian wildlife mortalities at company’s four commercial wind projects in Wyoming.
According to papers filed with the court, Duke Energy Renewables will spend approximately $600,000 per year implementing the compliance plan. Within 24 months, the company must also apply to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for a Programmatic Eagle Take Permit at each of the two wind projects cited in the case.
The case was investigated by Special Agents of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and prosecuted by Senior Counsel Robert S. Anderson of the Justice Department’s Environmental Crimes Section of the Environment and Natural Resources Division and Assistant U.S. Attorney Jason Conder of the District of Wyoming.
BARNSTABLE, Mass. (AP) — The town of Falmouth was ordered by a judge on Friday to limit the hours two town-owned wind turbines operate after neighbors blamed them for a series of health problems.
Effective immediately, the energy-generating turbines at the Cape Cod town's wastewater treatment facility are only allowed to operate from 7 a.m. until 7 p.m. on every day of the week except Sunday, and are not allowed to operate at all on Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day and New Year's Day, Superior Court Judge Christopher Muse wrote in the decision.
Neil and Elizabeth Andersen, who live about a quarter of a mile from the turbines, said they caused "continuous insomnia, headaches, psychological disturbances, dental injuries, and other forms of malaise" they had not suffered prior to the turbines' construction.
"The court finds the Andersens claims that they did not experience such symptoms prior to the construction and operation of the turbines, and that that each day of operation produces further injury, to be credible," the judge wrote.
Continued operation of the turbines at previous levels put residents at risk of "irreparable physical and psychological harm," he judge wrote.
The environmental group Wind Wise Massachusetts called it a landmark decision.
"This is believed to be the first time that a court in the U.S. has ruled that there is sufficient evidence that wind turbines near residential areas are a health hazard to families living nearby," said Virginia Irvine, president of Wind Wise Massachusetts.
The decision has repercussions in other Massachusetts towns where wind turbines are being blamed for health problems, Neil Andersen said.
"It's torture," he said of the turbines' noise and pressure effects. "But this decision is a victory. It gives us some relief."
The 1.65 megawatt turbines were erected about 3½ years ago to power the treatment plant and to create revenue for the town by selling electricity back to the grid.
They ran 24/7 at first, but more recently have been running from 5 a.m. until 9 p.m. daily, he said.
Each turbine is almost 400 feet tall from the ground to the tip of the blade at its highest point.
They have been the subject of disagreements and lawsuits between town boards and townwide votes on whether to dismantle them entirely.
The town argued against restricting the hours of operation, saying shorter hours would reduce revenue from sales of energy back to the grid. The judge rejected that argument.
The town's lawyer was not immediately available to comment on the judge's decision.
The judge told the sides to work on a mitigation plan and submit it to the court in 75 days.
Wind turbines blamed in death of estimated 600,000 bats in 2012
BOULDER, Colo., Nov. 8 (UPI) -- Wind turbines killed at least 600,000 -- and possibly as many as 900,000 -- bats in the United States in 2012, researchers say.
Writing in the journal BioScience, the researchers said they used sophisticated statistical techniques to infer the probable number of bat deaths at wind energy facilities from the number of dead bats found at 21 locations.
Bats, which play an important role in the ecosystem as insect-eaters, are killed at wind turbines not only by collisions with moving turbine blades but also by the trauma resulting from sudden changes in air pressure that occur near a fast-moving blade, the study said.
Study author Mark Hayes of the University of Colorado notes that 600,000 is a conservative estimate -- the true number could be 50 percent higher than that -- and some areas of the country might experience much higher bat fatality rates at wind energy facilities than others.
Hayes said the Appalachian Mountains have the highest estimated fatality rates in his analysis.
SPEAK OUT on Wind Turbines! The State of Massachusetts is asking for you opinion on wind turbine siting! Please send this to anyone anywhere with an opinion or experience with wind turbines. Also send us a copy at firstname.lastname@example.org so we can publish it. DEADLINE for the state is Dec. 6 2013....so act now! SAVEOURSEASHORE
NOTICE OF VOTE AND ORDER OPENING INVESTIGATION
D.P.U. 13-165 October 31, 2013
Investigation by the Department of Public Utilities on its own Motion into Best Practices for the Siting of Land-Based Wind Energy Facilities
On October 31, 2013, the Department of Public Utilities (“Department”) on its own motion opened an investigation into best practices for the siting of land-based wind energy facilities. The investigation will result in the development of wind energy facility siting guidance based on sound scientific, technical, and policy information. Specifically, the Department will examine the following topics related to land-based wind energy facilities: design, environmental and human health, safety, construction impacts, socio-economic impacts, decommissioning, and the review process for wind projects.
Any person with an interest in the matters discussed above is invited to submit written comments to the Department by December 6, 2013 in response to the questions posed by the Department in its Order opening this investigation, available on the Department’s website: http://www.mass.gov/eea/energy-utilities-clean-tech/siting-division-of-the-dpu/siting-division-dockets.html. Any person desiring further information regarding this notice should contact M. Kathryn Sedor, Hearing Officer, Department of Public Utilities, at Kathryn.Sedor@state.ma.us or (617) 305-3525. Following receipt and review of the comments, the Department anticipates holding public hearings beginning in January.
A WINDFARM has been ordered to demolish ten turbines and pay compensation and finesafter it was successfully sued by a couple.
Speaking to Le Figaro newspaper, the couple's lawyer, Philippe Bodereau, said: “This decision is very important because it demonstrates to all those who put up with windfarms with a feeling of powerlessness that the battle is not in vain, even against big groups, or authorities who deliver building permits, that legal options are available to everyone, that we have a right to live in peace and that people can do other things than suffer.”
The couple bought their 18th century listed property, the Château de Flers, in 1993.
A tribunal in Montpellier ruled that the couple had suffered due to the “degradation of the environment, resulting from a rupture of a bucolic landscape and countryside”. It also agreed the couple had suffered from the noise of the turbines and from the flashing lights.
“The situation, instantly out of place, permanent and quickly unbearable, created a problem that went beyond the typical inconveniences of neighbours and constituted a violation of property rights,” ruled the judgement.
The value of the property had no bearing on the ruling.
The wind farm owners, Compagnie du Vent, have been given four months to take down the turbines, which were erected in 2007 on two sites next to the property in Nord-Pas-de-Calais. It has appealed the decision.
“Our projects are in the general interest, following the Grenelle de l'environnement and not in the interest of individuals,” said the president of Compagnie du Vent, Thierry Conil. “However, it's right that democracy should allow people to take action.”
The two sites are a €20m investment and produce enough electricity for 22,000 people according to the company.
We the undersigned are Wellfleet registered voters, tax payers, non-resident tax payers, visitors and tourists. We strenuously oppose the proposed construction of one or more wind turbines at the Massachusetts Audubon Society (MAS) Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary (WBWS). We formally request that MAS and WBWS cease any and all activities related to any further action regarding a proposal to construct any wind turbine/s at the WBWS and publicly announce their intention to do so.
It is very important that every adult who is 18 and over sign the petition individually. There is an option to list yourself and any comments you may choose to write as anonymous.
In Wellfleet, 61% of the land in the town is Cape Cod National Seashore, a US National Park. If you know Wellfleet, you know it is a uniquely beautiful slice of heaven on earth. If you have not visited, Wellfleet is a place I think is a must on your list of places to visit. Massachusetts Audubon Society's Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Wellfleet. Unfortunately Mass Audubon wants to construct a wind turbine in their sanctuary. Please sign the petition to help stop this wind turbine proposal.
We are asking everyone to sign. People who live & vote in Wellfleet, please sign. It is critical that your voice be heard. Please also let everyone you know about this outrageous situation. People who own property in Wellfleet but do not vote in town, please sign with Wellfleet listed as your town. People who are frequent visitors to Wellfleet and love this town it is so very important for you to sign the petition and to let people know you oppose this wind turbine. People who are tourists, your signature on this petition will help it be seen that tourists will not visit the town if there are wind turbines. Most people in Wellfleet depend on the tourist industry in order to make a living in Wellfleet.
Thank you all very much. Every signature is important & is sincerely appreciated.
Were you told that Wind Turbines can survive Hurricane and strong winds? You are familiar with storms in your area over the years? Hurricane Bob 1991? 125mph in Truro… 1938 Hurricane 186mph gusts? Sandy 90 plus mph, Hurricane Carol 1954 135 mph, then there is the Pre Global Warming Great Colonial Hurricane 1635 with estimated 140mph winds …don’t want to bore you with recounting all the storms over the years? Do you know the survival speed of your turbine? Wind Turbines are new technology that are not time tested and regularly fail well below their specifications. That is if the wind don’t go above the specification, which they most certain can. Any money spent on a wind turbine is most definitely a GAMBLE on survival! Ever heard of a hydro plant destroyed in a wind storm? Then there is the gamble of killing birds and bats at a WILDLIFE SANCTUARY, but we assume you are ok with that.
Chinese typhoon knocks out 17 of 25 Vestas wind turbines
CHINA: Eight wind turbines have blown down by typhoon-strength winds in south China's Guangdong Province.
Typhoon Usagi, the most powerful this year, also broke off blades of another nine wind turbines when it hit the Honghaiwan Wind Farm in coastal Shanwei City, Guangdong.
According to Windpower Intelligence, Honghaiwan consist of 25 imported Vestas V47 600kW turbines. The remaining wind turbines need maintenance to see whether they can operate normally.
According to the manager of the wind farm, the typhoon has led to nearly CNY 100 million ($16 million) loss to the wind farm. The wind farm was hit by a similar typhoon in 2003, with 13 out of 25 turbines damaged causing 10 million yuan loss.
The wind farm was developed by Guangdong Jihua Wind Energy Company in 2000 in Honghaiwan (Honghai Bay). The first stage project went into operation in 2003, totaling 16.5MW. It was expanded with another 20.4MW in 2004.
Energy and Environment Policy Adviser and Parliamentary Assistant to Struan Stevenson MEP at the European Parliament in Brussels
Posted: 23/09/2013 11:18
Another week, another plethora of news reports attacking wind farms. The latest headlines include; November date for Trump's wind farm challenge", "Approval for wind turbines sparks protest at 'ring of steel'" and "Wind turbines may be killing bats by 'exploding' their lungs", to name but a few. Yet will the stories about Donald Trump, exploding bats and Scotland's version of the Iron Curtain help to stem the spread of mammoth turbines across our land and seas?
Still, it was only two years ago that anyone who publicly opposed wind turbines was considered a social pariah and practically ostracised from society as if they were modern-day lepers. Things have changed. Not a day goes by without a new story slamming wind energy or highlighting the increasing wind farm opposition across the UK. Just as it was once popular to support wind energy, it has almost...almost...become fashionable to oppose wind turbines.
The problem is that many of the news reports are nothing more than filler. If they are printed on a Tuesday, they are forgotten about by Wednesday; such is the nature of the fast-paced, up-to-the minute, 24-hour news cycle that is available to us. Despite the constant barrage of anti-wind press, the spread of massive industrial wind turbines continues unabated.
In the last year alone we have seen news reports outlining how wind farms have surrounded some of Britain's most untouched landscape and blighted some of our most bucolic and treasured towns and villages. We have heard horror stories about planning departments ignoring guidelines and forcing homeowners to live next to monstrous whirling steel turbines. We have been warned that property values have plummeted due to the inappropriate placement of wind farms and we have seen hundreds of anti-wind protest groups spring up across the nation, incensed at the lack of democracy in the planning system.
We have read how turbines impact human health and after years of mockery from pro-wind groups, we now have the first peer-reviewed, science-based report confirming that turbines do have harmful impacts on humans.
We have watched videos of turbines exploding in high winds and crashing to the ground in storms. We have witnessed precious habitats and ecosystems torn apart to make way for turbines and we have seen stories about birds being chopped to bits. We have heard how offshore wind farms will destroy precious undersea carbon stores, affect aquatic animals and close important fishing grounds.
We have been told that the tourist industry will be damaged and the golf industry will take a hit. We read explanations of how sailing routes will be impacted and even how Britain's strategic nuclear deterrent could be hampered. The Ministry of Defence has objected to many wind farms which will affect radar systems and we have even seen how turbines could prevent the detection of secret nuclear weapons tests.
Mountaineers, ramblers, cyclists, equestrians, aviation enthusiasts and bird-watchers have protested. Celebrities have come out to support anti-wind campaigns. Members of every political party, except the Greens, have spoken out against turbines. Over 100 MPs petitioned David Cameron to stop the madness. Members of the European Parliament have repeatedly urged the European Commission to get involved. The Scottish Government has received 10,000 objections from people who oppose wind farms - and that was just for large developments (>50MW).
We have read that schoolchildren are being utilised as pro-wind propaganda tools and we have even seen how the United Nations has ruled that the UK is in breach of international law regarding public participation and the right to receive information in regard to wind farm developments. In the last few weeks, we have heard how IPCC climate change projections, which formed the basis for renewable energy targets, have been called into question by leading scientists.
We have watched as turbines have had to be shut down in high winds and how consumers foot the bill when they are. We have seen their minimal contribution the UK energy supply, even when they are needed most. We have been affected when energy bills have skyrocketed thanks in part to a misguided focus on wind energy. Unfortunately we have also heard how millions of households have been forced into crippling fuel poverty, now having to choose between food and fuel.
We have read about noise abatement orders and residents' legal challenges. We have seen some communities torn apart by wind farm proposals and others handed bribes in return for their silence. We have read how landowners pocket exorbitant amounts of cash in return for housing turbines and we have seen developers reap vast profits from the UK's subsidy regime. We have heard how peat bogs have been ripped up and forests torn down to make way for wind farms. We are now being told that wind energy has not made even the slightest difference to carbon emissions.
We have even seen those who peddle ridiculous pro-wind arguments about green jobs debunked and refuted. There is enough credible evidence and enough of an opposition to end a policy of support for industrial wind energy. Yet still we see wind farms popping up all around the country.
Isn't it about time that we looked at all the evidence cumulatively? Isn't it about time that we just chalked it up as a loss and tried something else?
Massachusetts Has 21 Confimed Wind Turbine Health Locations
By LILLI-ANN GREEN
September 26, 2013
Many families and communities throughout Cape Cod and our commonwealth are being severely affected by land-based wind turbines. Individuals have developed health problems. Real estate prices have dropped. Otherwise peaceful towns are in an uproar over existing and proposed turbines.
There are concerns on both sides. Some people say that those living near wind turbines have become ill or can't sell their homes, and that solar energy is more fiscally responsible and better for the environment.
Others say wind energy will save communities money and provides an appropriate source of renewable energy.
However, the fact is there are 21 confirmed locations in Massachusetts where people living close to wind turbines are reporting health problems they did not have before construction of nearby wind turbines.
The symptoms they report include sleep disturbance and deprivation, headaches, ringing in the ears, tachycardia (fast heart rate), dizziness, vertigo, nausea, visual blurring, panic and loss of concentration.
We need to know why these people are experiencing health problems. Over three years ago, I and other Massachusetts citizens requested that the Massachusetts Department of Public Health conduct a comprehensive study of the public health and safety impacts of the land-based wind turbines.
More than a year later, a panel was appointed by the Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. Following the department's release of what it characterized at the time as preliminary findings were more than 500 comments with more than 4,600 pages. Most comments were highly critical of the limited literature review, the panel and the process. All meetings were held in secret with no public participation. No meeting minutes or accounts of any of the proceedings have been released.
State Rep. Sarah Peake has introduced a bill (H. 2048) that calls for the commonwealth to convene a health commission to study the health impacts from land-based wind turbines. This legislation is about conducting honest scientific and medical research, developing educational materials and developing training for health care professionals. Massachusetts citizens deserve no less.
H. 2048 is modeled after the highly successful Lyme Disease Commission bill, for good reason. In the early days of Lyme disease, just like the situation today with wind turbines, people who became sick and health care professionals did not have enough information to understand the problem. Many medical professionals told those who complained of health problems that the symptoms were psychosomatic. This assessment proved wrong.
It is time to quiet the rhetoric and make decisions regarding wind turbines by finding the real facts about the health impacts of the turbines.
Lilli-Ann Green of Wellfleet is CEO of a health care consulting and quality improvement company and a board member of Wind Wise — Massachusetts, a statewide organization, and Windwise — Cape Cod, a regional organization, both being alliances of grass-roots environmental groups and individuals
The recently reported comments of Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Director Robert Prescott regarding Mass Audubon's proposal to install a 142-foot wind turbine in the sanctuary are disingenuous and untrue.
Mr. Prescott says the proposed wind turbine is "no different than a half-dozen smaller turbines that already exist in several neighboring towns." He is also quoted as saying that it's "not about the project, it's about the process," and that if the townspeople don't want it, Mass Audubon won't pursue the project.
In fact, as Mr. Prescott knows, there has been vigorous opposition to the proposal and the townspeople do not want the wind turbine.
The proposed wind turbine would be much larger than ones in neighboring towns. And none of those other wind turbines have been erected in the heart of a wildlife preserve — which is one of the chief objections to the radical Mass Audubon proposal.
Mass Audubon has been dishonest with its members, the town of Wellfleet, the Cape Cod Commission and the general public at every stage of the process — relentlessly spinning the wind turbine proposal. Such deceit is unworthy of Mass Audubon — and fooling no one.
28.73 birds and bats killed per turbine so far this year ("per season") at Sheffield, VT Wind Turbine....and they had the turbine using different cut in speeds during some of the monitoring!!! It seems like the numbers will be much higher on a normal yearly basis!
13.17 birds killed per turbine. But this during "operational mitigation study"...read theychanged the cut-in speed of the turbine...so the number would be lower!!!
14.65 bats killed per turbine ....But again..."The operational mitigation study was conducted during Period 2, at which time
half of the turbines at the project site were curtailed. As such, the bat fatality estimates for the
project site are actual fatalities observed rather than estimates of fatalities had the wind facility
been fully-operational during the summer and fall season. As a result, it is possible that the
estimated bat fatalities during Period 2 are lower than would have occurred otherwise.
Hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus)
Eastern red bat (Lasiurus borealis)
Silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans)
We found a total of 35 birds of 12 species from 1 April–31 October. Bird carcasses were found
at 13 of the 16 turbines. A total of 34 birds were used in bias trials. Overall searcher efficiency
was estimated to be 45%, with 100% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 100, 100), 38% (95% CI:
21, 56), and 33% (95% CI: 19, 47), for Easy, Moderate, and Difficult/Very Difficult visibility
classes, respectively. Carcass persistence was estimated to be 12.51 days (95% CI: 5.26, 32.73).
Total bird fatality estimates for the project site for the entire season was 211 (95% CI: 147, 321),
with an estimated 13.17 birds killed per turbine (95% CI: 9.20, 20.05) and 5.27 per MW (95%
CI: 3.68, 8.02). The operational mitigation study was conducted during Period 2, at which time
half of the turbines at the project site were curtailed. As such, the bird fatality estimates for the
project site are actual fatalities observed rather than estimates of fatalities had the wind facility
been fully-operational during the summer and fall season. As a result, it is possible that the
estimated bird fatalities during Period 2 are lower than would have occurred otherwise.
We found a total of 87 bats of three species from 1 April–31 October, all of which were
migratory tree-roosting bats; no cave-roosting species were found during the study. Hoary bat
(Lasiurus cinereus) consisted of 54% of the bat carcasses found, while eastern red bat (Lasiurus
borealis) and silver-haired bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) made up 30% and 16%, respectively.
Bat carcasses were found at all 16 turbines. A total of 73 bat carcasses from the project site were
used in searcher efficiency trials. Overall searcher efficiency was estimated to be 48%, with
100% (95% CI: 100, 100), 43% (95% CI: 25, 61), and 37% (95% CI: 23, 54), for Easy,
Moderate, and Difficult/Very Difficult visibility classes, respectively. Sixty-one fresh bats were
used in the carcass persistence trials, which was estimated to be 6.92 days(95% CI: 4.85, 10.53).
Total bat fatality estimates for the project site for the entire season was 235 (95% CI: 160, 361),
with an estimated 14.65 bats killed per turbine (95% CI: 10.06, 22.56) and 5.86 per MW (95%
CI: 4.02, 9.02). The operational mitigation study was conducted during Period 2, at which time
half of the turbines at the project site were curtailed. As such, the bat fatality estimates for the
project site are actual fatalities observed rather than estimates of fatalities had the wind facility
been fully-operational during the summer and fall season. As a result, it is possible that the
estimated bat fatalities during Period 2 are lower than would have occurred otherwise.
Would you be willing to share with us the wind turbine post construction Avian & Bat Monitoring Reports for Mass Maritime Academy, Falmouth, Kingston, Hull, Fairhaven, Dartmouth, Mount Wachusett Community College or other Mass based wind turbines? Each of the projects is very open providing pre-construction estimates of avian & bat impact and promise to perform monitoring. We even saw where Mass Audubon Society requested monitoring reports. We would assume with your due diligence concerning wind power you would have carefully studied the actual impacts? Public disclosure of deaths from wind turbines in Mass. seems to be a bit opaque. We request that you publicly disclose these reports especially to your membership, of the actual real world deaths of bats and birds in Massachusetts from Wind Turbines. We hope that these reports are not purposely hidden, to deny the public actual impact information? Below are couple reports from others states. Since you are experts in Massachusetts Wildlife seeking to build your own fleet of wind turbines in sensitive habitat, we would naturally assume you are aware of these reports and honest enough to share them. We would love for you to assuage our concern that wind turbines would kill high numbers of birds and bats at Wildlife Sanctuaries with lots of flying creatures. We believe you have quoted the lobbyist American Wind Energy Association claim that 1-2 deaths per turbine per year. We believe those number are not based on any evidence and would be extremely subjective to location. Is the AWEA your only source?
Attached you will find a letter from The Supervising Zoologist at the DEP in NJ concerning the Atlantic City Wind Turbines which were built in proximity to a Salt Marsh. Note Atlantic City’s wind turbines are not in a Wildlife Sanctuary. Here Is what she said: “ If the Atlantic City array had been proposed today, the DEP would have denied the project due to its location.”
Here are a collection of letters to Massachusetts Audubon Society Director Bob Prescott asking to not build a bird and bat killing wind turbine in the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
July 9 2013
Dear Mr. Prescott:
I am surprised to hear that you are considering construction of an industrial wind turbine at the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. I am sure you must be aware that these machines kill bats and birds. I seems so out of place to locate such a machine at the sanctuary. You may not be aware of what a poor source of energy wind turbines are. I suggest that you google "John Droz" and peruse his writings. He is an engineer who has critically evaluated wind turbines and explains why they ARE NOT THE ANSWER to our energy issues.
Please consider solar, geothermal, and energy conservation measures more carefully.
Our membership depends on your decision.
Al and Kathy Weyman
July 9 2013
Dear Mr. Prescott,
At your open house I explained to many of your colleagues how studies are now showing that wind turbines don’t do much if anything to reduce greenhouse gases. Since you have decided to erect an industrial machine that kills birds to which your facility should provide sanctuary, one can only assume that you think you are fighting climate change by installing your turbine. You are mistaken.
I am a chemical engineer and understand efficiency of facilities like power plants. They are designed to run at the same capacity (steady state) and not to be cycled up and down. If wind turbines are put in the mix, the energy from the turbines must go in the grid first, forcing power plants to cycle to lower capacity. This cycling up and down (due to variation in the wind) is highly inefficient and generates carbon dioxide at rates near what would happen at steady state. Think about an Indy race car driving in Manhattan to improve gas mileage. I am sure you also know that wind energy generator require 100% backup from conventional power plants in case there is no wind.
I did promise your colleagues that I would provide some reports to back up these claims. I have done so here with three reports. There are numerous more. I am sure you will say that these highly scientific studies are not “peer reviewed,” but I would challenge you to find “peer reviewed” studies that refute these cases.
Below you will find the titles of the reports with abstracts and links to the reports online:
Windenergy in the Irish power system.
This article describes the influence of wind energy on the CO2 output of the fossil-fired generation of electricity in Ireland. Where most available publications on this subject are based on models, the present study makes use of real-time production data. It is shown, that in absence of hydro energy the CO2 production of the conventional generators increases with wind energy penetration. The data shows that the reduction of CO2 emissions is at most a few percent, if gas fired generation is used for balancing a 30% share of wind energy.
The impact of wind generated electricity on fossil fuel consumption.
Wind turbines produce electricity which is delivered to the grid. Variations in wind velocity cause yield variations. Conventional power stations are forced to compensate these variations by adjusting their output. This has a negative effect on the efficiency of the latter stations. Using data provided by CBS, the Dutch Institute for Statistics, an estimate is made of the so called “turning point”. This is the point where the efficiency reduction of conventional power stations balances out the fuel saving of the wind turbines, and where the CO2 emission reduction turns negative as well. In the Netherlands the data for the year 2007 show this to be the case at an efficiency reduction of all power stations of about 2 %. The Dutch government uses an incorrect formula for calculating the fuel and emission saving from wind energy. On this subject parliament has been incorrectly advised by government. In addition, fuel costs required for initial installation of wind turbines are substantial.
Application of wind energy without adequate buffer and storage facilities serves no green purpose.
How Less Became More: Wind, Power and Unintended Consequences in the Colorado Energy Market
Wind energy promises a clean, renewable resource that uses no fossil fuel and generates zero emissions. Careful examination of the data suggests that the numbers do not add up as expected. The “must take” provisions of Colorado’s Renewable Portfolio Standard require that other sources of generation, such as coal plants, must be “cycled” to accommodate wind power. This cycling makes coal generating units operate much less efficiently…so inefficiently, that these units produce significantly greater emissions. This study reviews the data that supports this conclusion, outlines mitigation measures which can be used to realize the full potential of wind generation, and provides recommendations for policy makers.
We are aware that you will have received numerous communications with respect to the turbine proposal for the Mass Audubon Society Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary.
We add our voices from the North American Platform Against Wind Power to the local protest. Our organization works with many other groups around the world, and we are closely tied with EPAW, the European Platform Against Wind, which has more than 600 member groups. All of these groups variously work to educate on the foibles of wind power. (There are an estimated 2,000 plus groups now.)
Wind turbines are not green, but massively impact wildlife, birds, bats, and habitat. They do not assist with climate change at all, but evidence shows that the effects are incredibly damaging to all aspects of the environment. Wind turbines do not even create meaningful energy. With about 140,000 turbines, world wide, there is less than 1/2 of one percent of the world's energy produced. We need to emphasize that this "system" is one of fraud and tightly woven with government incentives that increase power rates for consumers of every description, which contributes to job losses.
Industrial wind factories are facing universal condemnation now. Germany calls wind power a fiasco. The UK is mired in thousands of turbines, which are widely seen as a scam. For a quick read, please consult Dr. John Etherington's short essay dealing with 30 years of experience with wind: The Wind Farm Scam.
It is extremely problematic to have an "emblematic" turbine at a wildlife Sanctuary. Actually, it is problematic everywhere, but especially lacking in integrity in this instance. Please consider a recent victory over a proposed 9 turbine installation at Ostrander Point in Ontario. This was overturned after a lengthy legal battle called the Environmental Review Tribunal, because it was ascertained that the habitat for the rare Blanding's Turtle would be irreparably harmed. It is well known that the Cape Cod National Seashore houses an incredible array of life, also rare plant life, and this must be protected in perpetuity.
We append some recent articles for your perusal. The death rates of birds and bats from wind turbine installations in the USA is now estimated to be between 37 and 42 MILLION per year. Some species are now slated for extinction.
Please do not add Audubon to this machine of destruction. It is only the developers who get rich.
"Dennis O’Connell, an opponent of the turbine, said he and Jim Rogers, another critic of the project, visited the turbines at Vinalhaven, Maine, and Newburyport. “What I saw furthered my resolve that there are going to be negative impacts from this project,” O’Connell said. He challenged the selectmen to visit Vinalhaven “and then go to your proposed site in the heart of the Cape Cod National Seashore and see if that is what you want to do to this property.”
You are charged with an important mission. Please visit: http://www.massaudubon.org/about/mission_and_vision.php for a refresher.
I have to question your vision when I hear that you are considering erecting a wind turbine in the midst of a wildlife sanctuary. No doubt there are serious concerns about our species impact on our environment, but aren't you making things worse? Wind turbines are just plain threatening to birds. Imagine if some benevolent entity purported to create a safe peaceful environment just for you, and then he puts a giant food processor in your path.
Why don't you consider a passive solar array or put your effort (and our money) into conservation and education?
I've always respected The Audubon Society, but this move makes me question whether I've been putting my faith (and money) into the wrong organization.
July 8 2013
Dear Mr. Prescott,
I'm a resident of Martha's Vineyard where two 55kW 140' turbines were installed a couple years ago. Their installation was a big mistake. They've ruined their neighborhoods and caused some individuals sensitive to the menacing character of the visual spin and flicker to move from the island, others not to return seasonally to their properties which they'd treasured for generations. Many neighbors are just miserable being within sight and earshot of them. The character of our south shore beaches have totally changed from bucolic to stupid, since these things are absolutely worthless, grand protrusions into the sky which proclaim 'so-good, so-good,' altho' they're anything but.
I've sailed into your beautiful town and found it one of the few remaining unspoiled treasures even in the whole Cape and Islands area. I recently drove there for Preston's funeral, and its isolation and natural beauty took my breath away.
How could anyone be so blind to truth and beauty, so dismissive of all that so many have worked to protect for generations upon generations as to even propose such a thing as a 142' high worthless, destructive intrusion into that area? I'm appalled. I trust wiser heads will save Wellfleet, WBWS and the surrounding coastal communities from such idiocy.
July 10 2013
Mr. Bob Prescott, Director
Massachusetts Audubon Society
Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
Dear Mr. Prescott,
As a birder with ties to Cornell University and other ornithology organizations world-wide, I am shocked at the position that you have taken in support of the industrial turbine proposed to be erected at the Wellfleet Bay Sanctuary. As a resident of a neighboring Cape community, I have visited the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary many times to study and enjoy the birds, as well as bats and other wildlife. It is inconceivable to me that you and MAB would endorse erection of an industrial turbine to dominate this pristine landscape and to disrupt the natural environment with man-made noise, vibrations and visuals that are disturbing to humans and wildlife and pose a deadly threat to bird-life and bats. With many energy alternatives to consider, we should not be sacrificing the sanctity of WBWS to the interests of big wind energy.
In your role as Director, you are vested with a duty to uphold the mission of the Massachusetts Audubon Society and to protect the nature of Massachusetts for people and wildlife for all time. I share your commitment to the environment and to finding smart, efficient alternatives to produce necessary energy. But the myths about the benefits of industrial turbines for small coastal communities are unraveling daily around the world. I urge you to please work with our community to find a different solution that will not compromise the mission of MAS or the sacred trust that the community has put into your hands.
This projects a new light on wind turbines, which have turned to become ecological traps instead of planet savers. You may thus forget about "siting wind turbines carefully": it's useless,
as many bird and bat species are attracted to them from miles away, often to their death. Even small turbines seem to attract them.
This is a whole new ball game, and by placing a wind turbine in your bird sanctuary, however "small" the machine, you will be committing a crime against birds, bats, and biodiversity.
Your wind turbine would please the wind industry, which I predict would use it as "proof" that wind turbines pose no danger to bird populations - since the "prestigious" Audubon Society approves of a wind turbine in a wildlife sanctuary.
As you have been warned of the dangers to wildlife, your going ahead with this project would evidence a collusion on your part with the wind industry, which could only further damage your reputation.
I came to know that there are plans for placing a wind turbine in an area where wildlife is highly valued and taken care of and where people are living close by ( the Massachussets Audubon Society Wellfleet Wildlife Sanctuary). It is my sincerely concern that the building of this windturbine will damage the health of the people and the animals.
The responsibility for such a big impact on the inhabitants of our mother earth should not be taken lightly.
I know that the people who earn the big money will tell about the advantages of the so called 'green' energy of windturbines. I can tell you, this is a lie. A lie that is traveling over the world like a malign virus and is infecting the people who are greedy and blind.
I advise you to contact Lilli Green, who is very well documented about the aspects of windturbines when it comes to the side effects, especially when it comes to health. And I wish you much wisdom in the decision to place this windturbine or not.
Member of Platform Storm in the Netherlands Specialised in the health effects of windturbines
July 11 2013
Dear Mr Prescott
I am writing to you from England to protest most strongly against the application to erect a wind turbine at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary.
My name is Marion Fitzgerald and I am the chairperson of an organisation called Friends of Rural Cumbria's Environment (FORCE). Our group was formed in 2003 in opposition to inappropriate wind energy development in this country. It is important to emphasise that we are not opposed to all wind energy. However, we have learned over the years that inappropriately sited wind turbines can impact on the health and wellbeing of local residents, injure and displace bird and bat populations and affect property values.
There are also a number of studies produced in England and Scotland which demonstrate that the presence of wind turbines can deter tourists from visiting an area which, in turn, will impact on the local economy. I have first hand experience of this as an accommodation provider just outside of the much celebrated English Lake District, an area which has suffered much in recent years from the over development of wind energy. You may be interested to note the following research from Scotland which indicates that approx 20% of tourists would be inclined to avoid an area with wind turbines.
The prospect of losing one fifth of the local tourist economy should be a major consideration in any proposal to erect wind turbines. Even more disturbingly, the Conservation charity, John Muir Trust, has published the results of a poll revealing that 43% of people in Britain who visit scenic areas in the UK for their natural heritage and beauty would be less likely to visit a scenic area where wind turbines are present.
Friends of Rural Cumbria's Environment wish to formally object to the application for a wind turbine at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary for the reasons above given.
Marion Fitzgerald (Chair)
July 11, 2013
To: Bob Prescott, Director
Massachusetts Audubon Society
From: Marie Stamos,
Re: Proposed Industrial Wind Turbine Project at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Center
Mr. Prescott and those copied, on July 9, 2013, I attended a public hearing held by The Joint Committee On Public Health at the State House. I attended in support of H.2048 proposed by Representative Sarah K. Peake. In essence, the Bill would establish a commission to study the health impacts from wind turbines and to protect the health of the citizens of the Commonwealth.
Below is a letter I wrote yesterday to the Joint Committee and, also, those who supported Representative Peake's Bill.
Each of you should have been there. Attendance would have given you insight into the truths of the industrial wind turbine and reason to question your industrial wind turbine project.
I must ask why you would intentionally disrupt or deface a place of such beauty, peace, quiet, solitude, a refuge for humans and beasts and birds?
Would you place an industrial wind turbine at the Grand Canyon, or at the reflection pool opposite the Washington Monument? Well, it is no more appropriate in a designated Wildlife Sanctuary.
Has any one of you read The Massachusetts Audubon Mission and Values statement lately. If this is not your Mission, your values, your vision, perhaps, each of you should step down from your commitment to the Mass Audubon. I call your attention to "Vision":
" Our Vision A Massachusetts in which nature — whether found in a city park or deep inside the forests of western Massachusetts or within an urban greenway, or along the 1,500 miles of Massachusetts coastline — is valued as essential to quality of life in the Commonwealth, and people live with appreciation and respect for the complex ecological systems that sustain life on earth, working together to ensure that they are protected. "
Your proposal to bring an industrial wind turbine to a wildlife center and what is written in your mission statement are at totally opposite purposes. The industrial wind turbine is a destructive, toxic invasion of what you claim to be important and, please do not fall back on the "conservation" word; the industrial wind turbine is not about conservation. From the mountains to the shoreline, and including your wildlife center, this agenda is about destruction not conservation.
I am inspired by your Mission Statement, your never changing commitment. Read it and fall back on it when you refuse to allow this 14-story building, this killer of birds, this distraction to the beauty of the location, this high maintenance noisy, invasive machine (think a machine in a wild life sanctuary) to be foisted upon you in the name of conservation.
I have read or heard that if the industrial wind turbine causes problems you would remedy the problems. Once built, there is no remedy as you will see and understand. My letter, the other side of the story follows:
July 10, 2013
To: The Joint Committee On Public Health and Legislator Supporters of H.2048
Yesterday, I attended the Joint Committee On Public Health Environmental Health hearings.
There were many concerns expressed by many people from nuclear plant safety and evacuation to flame retardants. My specific reason for attending was because I, my community, Quincy, were spared the misfortune of becoming industrial wind turbine agenda victims because of a decision our Mayor, made in February 2012 to not approvc the proposed industrial wind turbine project in Quincy.
I must add here that from 2010 when a community meeting in Quincy produced very favorable response to the proposed industrial wind turbine project to 2012 when, and after, the people of the community researched the industrial wind turbine and found that there were world-wide health complaints and questions about the safety, the economic and the environmental benefits, many new statistics and facts were produced by highly qualified scientists and researchers to make the technology questionable. Since 2012 there has been even more information forthcoming. Based on newer safe distancing information, it was later determined that 28 streets would have been impacted by the project after completion.
On July 2, 2008 when Governor Patrick signed the "Green Communities Act", we, all, were enthusiastic about a green future; greenwashing had begun and we overlooked the common sense aspects; cities and towns started to reshape and eliminate protective zoning with the people's support; we gave license to build 50-story machines in areas formerly protected by residential zoning and towns where no 50-story building would ever be allowed were accepting of this addition to the community in the name of green and renewable. Many lessons were learned and have been learned since then and, tragically, through personal experiences such as those expressed before you at the Public Health Hearing yesterday.
Because we were spared, a group, at times large, at times small, but always watchful and supportive has followed closely the experiences of other cities and towns which did not escape the industrial wind turbine. Various of us have tracked the progress of Falmouth, Scituate, Fairhaven, Plymouth, Kingston, the Hoosac project, Peru, to mention a few and there are those who have attended various Board of Health meetings and Selectmen's meetings to show support. We follow the WindWiseMA site for constantly updated material and information. We have been overwhelmed, at times, knowing that we could have been those people.
I was present at one Board of Health meeting when a stoic police officer, with a pregnant wife, both sadly in need of sleep, broke down crying recounting the story of his two-year old daughter standing at a window visually flinching each time the turbine blade dropped and caused flicker. I suspect the natural instinct of fight-or-flight response, referred to yesterday, kicked in and protected this two-year old child from who knows what perceived danger.
I feel that in order for each of you to truly understand the ordeal the people who commented yesterday have gone through, you must obtain minutes and video and newspaper accountings of the various meetings, most particularly of the Kingston, Scituate, Falmouth, Fairhaven town meetings. For those who testified, this has been a three-year up-hill fight for the return of their quality of life with many promises, little action, with no success.
The town fathers were for the most part, as expressed by those victimized, dismissive and insulting with traumatic results. The "replays" will give you an idea of why yesterday's hearing was more like the baring of one's soul; you listened, you took note, you commented. Representative Sanchez actually asked people who spoke to share their personal experiences and "speak from the heart" and Representative Lyons asked what the Committee could do. All of the Committee members appeared to have genuine concern.
Perhaps, the first thing to do is for each of you to determine a way to convince, the local Boards of Health that it is o.k. to exercise their rights and assume their responsibilities and shut the turbines down because they are unhealthy and, they would stay down, until every fact possible is known about the health impacts of the industrial wind turbine. This would be, in fact, enacting a moratorium on the present and proposed industrial wind turbines projects until H.2048 is reviewed, addressed, implemented, and results of health impact studies are known. This seems the humane thing to do. These turbines cannot remain active through this process.
I, personally, believe the town fathers fear law suits by developers because of commitments made through ill-conceived and not thoroughly researched contracts they were complicit in creating and entered into with developers. These contracts were entered into because the town "fathers", and we, knew little about the industrial wind turbine other than the promised benefits; so, like lemmings, we followed the agenda. Perhaps, MACEC, who has been instrumental in delaying resolution to this problem, will part with some of their millions and pay off the developers and, also, dismantle the turbines.
I should have said, by the way, that I am writing to support Representative Sarah K. Peake's Bill H.2048 and this is my 3 minute "comment". However, better than establishing another commission, through H.2048, and ground rules for more testing and investigation and further abuse of the victimized's quality of life, would be that it becomes clearly understood, through testimony such as that given yesterday and supported by many others not present, that the industrial wind turbine in not acceptable in any residential location whether rural residential or urban residential.
I, like Roxanne Zak from Sierra Club of Massachusetts, firmly believe that the industrial wind turbine is not appropriate in all places or all states. The Commonwealth is the 4th most densely populated state in the country. It hardly seems the appropriate place for the industrial wind turbine. The State of Massachusetts is a remarkably self-contained unit, from its western mountain ridges to its eastern shoreline. One can choose just how close or far away they wish to live from their neighbors and how rural or urban within this state's borders; the coast dwellers vacation in the Berkshires and the Berkshires dwellers come to the shore; others vacation in place 365 days a year.
So many people have fought for so long to maintain and improve Massachusetts' pristine character and along has come destructive 62-ton, 50-story machines to disrupt all we have ever lived or worked for. One must question why anyone would deface or destroy this natural beauty. Why would you destroy a millions and millions years old mountain ridge to place 9 (with more to come) 50-story machines with a 15-20 year life expectancy and 15% to 26% production efficiency of unproven and questionable technology in its place?
I do believe we can create a "green" world and survive without the intrusion of the invasive industrial wind turbine in places where the industrial wind turbine is inappropriate, not just here, but across the country and around the world.
I know that the Committee on Public Health and its concern and charge is about public health; perhaps, however, this Committee may be instrumental and the first step in making the Commonwealth of Massachusetts the first State to "Just Say No To The Industrial Wind Turbine" in the name of public health.
We were all greenwashed in the early 2000's, now it is time to do it right, because we now know better and enough people have been and continue to be hurt. I sincerely hope your concern about the public's health (and, safe to assume, well being) brings to reality an Energy Plan or policy specifically suited to the Commonwealth and not based on a quota system or politics and one which may not necessarily include the industrial wind turbine.
As you know, while all of these people are suffering and begging for relief, the Governor and the Energy and Environmental Affairs Secretary have brought in yet another layer of information seeking experts to "solicit input on wind turbine sound policy" in form of the recently formed "Community Wind Energy Initiative". If the Governor and the Energy and Environmental Affairs Secretary are so concerned, where were they yesterday. They would have heard and seen first hand what their industrial wind turbine agenda has created.
In my opinion, the Community Wind Energy Initiative is, in essence, a state takeover strategy leaving cities and towns voiceless and powerless to protect themselves from the industrial wind turbine agenda. The oft repeated promise to provide the best technical and policy support to the many communities "hosting" wind energy projects are just words and a continuation of inhumane treatment of the people who have been subjected to the industrial wind turbine agenda.
What good will "best technical and policy support" do for the people who testified before you yesterday? They, you, we all know there is a problem. Those people and many, many more were the human testing ground for an experiment gone wrong. And, this must be stopped.
First step, the offending industrial wind turbines must be silenced. Each of you who reads this must be instrumental in accomplishing the silence and dismantling of the offending industrial wind turbines.
July 14 2013
Director, Massachusetts Audubon Society, Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
Dear Mr. Prescott,
I have lived full-time in the town of Brewster since 1990 and prior to that we had a vacation home in Hyannisport. I love the town of Wellfleet the way it is, without industrial wind turbines, and I consider the Cape to be the most wonderful place on this earth. Part of this reason is due to the peace, quiet, lack of industrial development and noise, the aesthetics, the healthy environment, and the values of the people in our close community where we help each other when any one person has a crisis.
I am shocked and disappointed that you have proposed to take a path at the Massachusetts Audubon Society (MAS) Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary (WBWS) that I believe is misguided. Constructing a 142’ high industrial wind turbine that you are proposing, the Gaia Wind 11-kW Wind Turbine, is just not appropriate for the town of Wellfleet or any wildlife sanctuary anywhere in the world. This industrial machine, as defined by industry standards as such, is the same height as a 14 story building in a town where one can only build two story structures.
I firmly believe that if constructed, this wind turbine will cause great harm. The most egregious harms from my standpoint are to the environment, to the health of people nearby, to property values and to our cohesive and caring community.
A wildlife sanctuary is not the proper place for an industrial machine with industrial noise that will kill birds and bats and cause adverse health impacts to people. Please consider my request to keep Wellfleet the way it is, without industrial machines.
Here is a letter to the Editor The Cape Codder concerning a planned Wind Turbine at Mass Audubon Society’s Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
BIRD & BAT KILLER!
You’d think it obvious to not build a bird and bat killing wind turbine(WT) at a Wildlife Sanctuary. Massachusetts Audubon Society(MAS) is planning a 150ft tall 11kw WT at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary(WBWS). Wind Turbines kill! Pre-Construction estimated for wind turbines are regularly wrong. The State of Massachusetts has not published post construction bird and bat kills from WTs…unlike many states. Why?
In Pennsylvania WTs on average kills 25 bats per year. US Geologic Survey says, “Dead bats are turning up beneath wind turbines all over the world.“ The American Wind Energy Association lobbying group, which MAS quotes, claim 1-2 bird kills per turbine per year. Similar sited WTs albeit larger in NJ & DE kill about 80 birds/bats per year…Osprey, Herons, songbirds and in NJ an endangered Peregrine Falcon…only 25 breeding pair in that state. Hundreds of Golden Eagles killed in California by WTs. In Maryland at Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge an 11kw WT not unlike the planned WBWS turbine killed at least one Bald Eagle after lots of studies saying it wouldn’t. It then broke in a wind storm. They didn’t repair it…left it to rot. Not uncommon for WTs.
MAS wishes to sacrifice a Sanctuary which donors wanted as a SANCTUARY. WBWS is in Audubon Important Birding Area(IBA) because it’s ideal for hosting birds! Even the pro wind energy U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service states that Wildlife Sanctuaries shouldn’t be developed for wind energy. All electricity at WBWS is already currently green. A local WT will not reduce CO2 output.
Wellfleet avoided WTs in the CCNS. MAS mission states “To Protect the Nature of Massachusetts for People and Wildlife”….no mention of being a renewable power generation leader. So how about it Mass Audubon…PROTECT!
Vestas Wind Systems A/S (VWS), the Danish turbine maker that’s been unprofitable for two years, replaced its chief executive officer after a worse-than-expected loss.
Anders Runevad, from Ericsson AB, will take over on Sept. 1 from Ditlev Engel, who has been at Vestas since 2005, the turbine maker said. Its two-year turnaround program “continues according to plan” even as second-quarter margins narrowed. Vestas rose the most in three months in Copenhagen trading.
“It is now the appropriate time to make this change,” Chairman Bert Nordberg said today in a statement. “The company is now entering a new phase where we want to realize our growth potential. The restructuring program has resulted in a more competitive company.” Nordberg, who took up his post last year, was previously an employee of Ericsson’s former Sony Ericsson venture, where Runevad worked from 2006 through 2010.
Vestas, after eight quarters of losses, has just over four months to complete its program seeking to lower fixed costs by 400 million euros ($535 million), including a 30 percent cut in its staff to 16,000. The company lost 62 million euros in the second quarter, compared with the average estimate for a 9 million-euro loss among six analysts surveyed by Bloomberg.
It reported an 8 million-euro loss a year earlier.
Vestas rose as much as 12 percent, the biggest gain since May 8, and was up 4.8 percent at 108.4 kroner by 12:16 p.m. in Copenhagen. The price is still less than a sixth of the record 692 kroner reached in 1998. Vestas revised earnings forecasts in 2010 and 2011 before renegotiating loan facilities last year.
The board agreed to replace Engel at a meeting yesterday, Nordberg said today on a call with journalists and analysts. Chief Financial Officer Marika Fredriksson will take charge of the business until Runevad assumes control on Sept. 1, he said.
“As the industry is maturing and the competition is becoming more and more intense, there is a need to ensure we have the right competences,” Chief Marketing Officer Morten Albaek said by phone. “There’s a difference in the business of wind in 2013 and the wind business five to 10 years ago.”
The company’s sales declined by 26 percent to 1.2 billion euros in the latest quarter, and the company had an operating margin of 1 percent. It revised a forecast of free cash flow for the year from “positive” to 200 million euros.
Orders rose 74 percent in the quarter to 1,641 megawatts, bringing the year’s total to 2,285 megawatts. The order backlog now totals 13 billion euros, including 5.9 billion euros in servicing contracts.
Wind turbine prices are “stabilizing,” Fredriksson said on the call. Vestas will take its “fair share” of orders in the U.S., where it sees a second-half pickup, Albaek said.
The U.S. market slowed after a tax credit was allowed to expire at the end of last year. While it was unexpectedly renewed on Jan. 1, developers had already rushed projects to completion, leaving fewer in the pipeline. The extended credit applies to new projects where construction has begun by Dec. 31.
Vestas no longer plans to sell a tower factory in Pueblo, Colorado, that it expects to operate at full capacity next year.
Machining and casting plants are still for sale, and the manufacturer lowered their valuation by 42 million euros following talks with potential buyers.
Development of the V164 8-megawatt offshore wind turbine is going according to plan, the company said. Nordberg declined to comment on discussions over a partnership with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. that it announced in August 2012, beyond saying Vestas would release a statement should those talks end.
Europe’s turbine makers are recovering after overcapacity and growing competition crimped margins and eroded profits. Shares in Vestas, Gamesa Corp. Tecnologica SA and Nordex SE (NDX1) rebounded this year after they cut jobs and shut factories.
Now there is “clear long term value” in Vestas shares, Sean McLoughlin, a clean-energy analyst at HSBC Holdings Plc, said in a note to investors on July 30. “Vestas is ideally positioned to benefit from global wind demand growth.”
Vestas today retained full-year guidance for 2013 shipments of 4,000 megawatts to 5,000 megawatts, down from 6,200 megawatts in 2012. It maintained a forecast for a drop in revenue to 5.5 billion euros from 7.2 billion euros and sees a margin before interest, tax and special items of “at least” 1 percent.
The number of employees stands at 17,253, with more than 1,000 jobs still to be cut by the end of the year, it said.
Mass Audubon that campaigned for Cape Wind, despite the lead federal regulator US Fish and Wildlife Service protest that there is a, "lack of relevant baseline data", has now proposed a wind turbine for the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. This is an indefensible plan given the fact that wind turbines are known to be prolific killers of birds and bats, and because this is a sanctuary for them.
As you are no doubt aware, Dr. Taber Allison, former Vice President of Mass Audubon, was U.S. Department of Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne's appointed Advisor on the U.S. Wind Turbine Siting Guidelines Advisory Committee. Thus Mass Audubon clearly recognizes the inherent risks to wildlife posed by wind turbines, and the places most unsuitable for them, (while my ten years of independent research indicates there is no suitable place for them).
The Department of the Interior and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service issued guidelines for siting wind towers in 2003 and in 2005:
"--Avoid placing turbines in documented locations of any species of wildlife, fish, or plant protected under the ESA.
-- Avoid locating turbines in known local bird-migration pathways or in areas where birds are highly concentrated, unless mortality risk is low (e.g., birds rarely enter the rotor-swept area). Examples of high-concentration areas for birds are wetlands, state or federal refuges, private duck clubs, staging areas, rookeries, roosts, riparian areas along streams, and landfills
-- Avoid known daily-movement flyways (e.g., between roosting and feeding areas) and areas with a high incidence of fog, mist, low cloud ceilings, and low visibility."
Please refrain from using Mass Audubon’s arguments in favor of this wind turbine on the premises of our needs to address climate change, and to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels. Wind energy requires concrete processing, the processing of steel, and fiberglass blades that can’t be recycled. Cape Wind, as example, is anticipated to increase vessel traffic. Please consider the harmful emissions produced during the full life cycle of wind energy, including the processing of steel, concrete, construction, operation, and maintenance of just one offshore wind project. The EPA has much to say about concrete and steel processing, not to mention emissions from vessels, top harmful emissions offenders by the EPA.
Wind energy is also a redundant energy source that requires fossil fuel energy sources as back-up when the wind doesn’t blow, or when wind speed is excessive. The reality is that with wind we pay for conventional fuel sources, and then triple current cost for redundant wind energy.
You are likely aware that National Grid has purchased a percentage of Cape Wind’s energy should this project secure bankable wind turbines, find financing and a loan guarantee, commence construction before year's end, and prevail in five federal lawsuits. The British company has a new plan to remedy the unpredictability of the wind that negates any environmental benefits.
August 3, 2012
'We could soon be paying billions for this wind back-up The National Grid's latest plan is taking off into the weirdest scheme yet, thanks to our politicians’ obsession with wind turbines'
"...National Grid has come up with, only made possible by the latest computer technology and “cloud software”, is to hook up thousands of diesel generators, remotely controlled by the grid, to provide almost instantly available back-up for when the wind drops..."
Jim Gordon of Cape Wind obviously recognized the need to burn fossil fuel to back-up his unreliable offshore wind energy project that lacks financing.
‘The Real Jim Gordon, Environmental Hypocrite!’
“You may have heard that the same man, Jim Gordon of Energy Management, Inc., who is proposing good, clean, renewable energy in the form of wind turbines for the Cape is also proposing a DIESEL burning power plant for Chelsea…” (next to an elementary school)
As I read and post international news related to wind energy. During the past six months, I’ve notice a dramatic shift in the tone of articles regarding wind. Criticism of this scheme is trending in major news publications. The subsidies are drying up as wind energy mandates are being repealed around the world. There is a big downside for Mass Audubon if this turbine goes in as people are really catching on to the corruption and impacts behind this industry. Mass Audubon leaders would be wise to recognize that there is no benefit to be gained by the sacrifice of birds at the altar of wind, before the masses do, and before birds are sacrificed to a useless wind turbine at the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Center, and fingers begin to point.
Mass Audubon's "support" for Cape Wind, and testimony, puts you in conflict with strict liability criminal statutes. It's very troubling to me that your continued actions indicate an utter disregard for listed, and endangered species, and relevant protections and international treaties.
Reference File No. NAE-2004-338-1, EOEA No. 12643:
"By utilizing other bird mortality data provided in the DEIS, Mass Audubon staff scientists arrived at avian mortalities that ranged from 2,300 to 6,600 collision deaths per year." http://www.massaudubon.org/PDF/CapeWindDEIS.pdf
“Europe is ahead of us.”
'Europe Pulls The Plug On Its Green Future' The Australian 8/10/13
Massachusetts Audubon should withdraw this ill-conceived proposal prior to the September 19, 2013 Public Hearing by the Wellfleet Zoning Board of Appeals. As this wildlife sanctuary exists for the protection of wildlife as most expect Massachusetts Audubon does.
Letter to Massachusetts Audubon Society concerning renewable energy projects in their Wildlife Sanctuary
Dear Mr Prescott and Mass Audubon Society,
We hope you haven’t hunkered down to ignore the many issues concerning “The shocking environmental cost of renewable energy”. Hopefully Massachusetts Audubon Society will rationally decide not to build a Wind Turbine at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. MAS needs to rethink all renewable projects that result in loss of habitat and loss of life in their protected lands. Hopefully, you care enough to do the right thing. A nature oriented organization is surely doing a lot of due diligence in this mission to become pathfinding experts in hosting renewable power generation with an unknown impact, in a Wildlife Sanctuary. We will let an Oxford University lecturer in Biological and Human Scienceswho trained as a Zoologist and has a particular interest in EXTINCTION of ANIMALS to state it far better than us “…this century at least, renewables pose a far greater threat to wildlife than climate change.”
Hopefully the multitude of harm that you are reading about, along with, what should be obvious doubts about impact, will lead you to agree that the harm outweighs the benefits and to cancel any and all plans to build wind turbines on any protected Audubon land. You should also lead by example and stop bulldozing protected land for solar panels. There are better suited areas that aren’t “PROTECTED” such as landfills, industrial zone, and roof tops for solar panels. Just because something has positive aspects. doesn’t mean it makes sense everywhere. Do you believe that everyone should be bulldozing their green space for solar & wind dollars? Does LOSS OF HABITAT worry you? Do you believe replacing a natural environment with bulldozed dirt and heat soaking solar panels, doesn’t have negative impact? Only degraded(brown field) areas should host solar panels and no wind turbines should be built in areas where there are people or numerous birds and bats. Are natural open space and Wildlife really that worthless to you? You should be the exemplary example…not the reckless land clearing bulldozer drivers and wind turbine developers increasing the killing of birds and bats. Should Cape Cod National Seashore clear acres of protected habitat for solar panel complexes? Seems absurd or worse, to renege on the ideal of protection for these areas as best we can. Loss of habitat … architected by the protectors.
“Loss of habitat is the single biggest cause of species extinction.”
please read the following article carefully and just in case you don’t
“most of the species they claim are threatened by ‘climate change’ have already survived 10 to 20 ice ages, and sea-level rises far more dramatic than any we have experienced in recent millennia or expect in the next few centuries. Climate change won’t drive those species to extinction; well-meaning environmentalists might.”
KEEP IT A SANCTUARY
Wind farms vs wildlife
The shocking environmental cost of renewable energy
Wind turbines only last for ‘half as long as previously thought’, according to a new study. But even in their short lifespans, those turbines can do a lot of damage. Wind farms are devastating populations of rare birds and bats across the world, driving some to the point of extinction. Most environmentalists just don’t want to know. Because they’re so desperate to believe in renewable energy, they’re in a state of denial. But the evidence suggests that, this century at least, renewables pose a far greater threat to wildlife than climate change.
I’m a lecturer in biological and human sciences at Oxford university. I trained as a zoologist, I’ve worked as an environmental consultant — conducting impact assessments on projects like the Folkestone-to-London rail link — and I now teach ecology and conservation. Though I started out neutral on renewable energy, I’ve since seen the havoc wreaked on wildlife by wind power, hydro power, biofuels and tidal barrages. The environmentalists who support such projects do so for ideological reasons. What few of them have in their heads, though, is the consolation of science.
My speciality is species extinction. When I was a child, my father used to tell me about all the animals he’d seen growing up in Kent — the grass snakes, the lime hawk moths — and what shocked me when we went looking for them was how few there were left. Species extinction is a serious issue: around the world we’re losing up to 40 a day. Yet environmentalists are urging us to adopt technologies that are hastening this process. Among the most destructive of these is wind power.
Every year in Spain alone — according to research by the conservation group SEO/Birdlife — between 6 and 18 million birds and bats are killed by wind farms. They kill roughly twice as many bats as birds. This breaks down as approximately 110–330 birds per turbine per year and 200–670 bats per year. And these figures may be conservative if you compare them to statistics published in December 2002 by the California Energy Commission: ‘In a summary of avian impacts at wind turbines by Benner et al (1993) bird deaths per turbine per year were as high as 309 in Germany and 895 in Sweden.’
Because wind farms tend to be built on uplands, where there are good thermals, they kill a disproportionate number of raptors. In Australia, the Tasmanian wedge-tailed eagle is threatened with global extinction by wind farms. In north America, wind farms are killing tens of thousands of raptors including golden eagles and America’s national bird, the bald eagle. In Spain, the Egyptian vulture is threatened, as too is the Griffon vulture — 400 of which were killed in one year at Navarra alone. Norwegian wind farms kill over ten white-tailed eagles per year and the population of Smøla has been severely impacted by turbines built against the opposition of ornithologists.
Nor are many other avian species safe. In North America, for example, proposed wind farms on the Great Lakes would kill large numbers of migratory songbirds. In the Atlantic, seabirds such as the Manx Shearwater are threatened. Offshore wind farms are just as bad as onshore ones, posing a growing threat to seabirds and migratory birds, and reducing habitat availability for marine birds (such as common scoter and eider ducks).
I’ve heard it suggested that birds will soon adapt to avoid turbine blades. But your ability to learn something when you’ve been whacked on the head by an object travelling at 200 mph is limited. And besides, this comes from a complete misconception of how long it takes species to evolve. Birds have been flying, unimpeded, through the skies for millions of years. They’re hardly going to alter their habits in a few months. You hear similar nonsense from environmentalists about so-called habitat ‘mitigation’. There has been talk, for example, during proposals to build a Severn barrage, that all the waders displaced by the destruction of the mud flats can have their inter-tidal habitat replaced elsewhere. It may be what developers and governments want to hear, but recreating such habitats would take centuries not years — even if space were available. The birds wouldn’t move on somewhere else. They’d just starve to death.
Loss of habitat is the single biggest cause of species extinction. Wind farms not only reduce habitat size but create ‘population sinks’ — zones which attract animals and then kill them. My colleague Mark Duchamp suggests birds are lured in because they see the turbines as perching sites and also because wind towers (because of the grass variations underneath) seem to attract more prey. The turbines also attract bats, whose wholesale destruction poses an ever more serious conservation concern.
Bats are what is known as K-selected species: they reproduce very slowly, live a long time and are easy to wipe out. Having evolved with few predators — flying at night helps — bats did very well with this strategy until the modern world. This is why they are so heavily protected by so many conventions and regulations: the biggest threats to their survival are made by us.
And the worst threat of all right now is wind turbines. A recent study in Germany by the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research showed that bats killed by German turbines may have come from places 1,000 or more miles away. This would suggest that German turbines — which an earlier study claims kill more than 200,000 bats a year — may be depressing populations across the entire northeastern portion of Europe. Some studies in the US have put the death toll as high as 70 bats per installed megawatt per year: with 40,000 MW of turbines currently installed in the US and Canada. This would give an annual death toll of up to three -million.
Why is the public not more aware of this carnage? First, because the wind industry (with the shameful complicity of some ornithological organisations) has gone to great trouble to cover it up — to the extent of burying the corpses of victims. Second, because the ongoing obsession with climate change means that many environmentalists are turning a blind eye to the ecological costs of renewable energy. What they clearly don’t appreciate — for they know next to nothing about biology — is that most of the species they claim are threatened by ‘climate change’ have already survived 10 to 20 ice ages, and sea-level rises far more dramatic than any we have experienced in recent millennia or expect in the next few centuries. Climate change won’t drive those species to extinction; well-meaning environmentalists might.
The second edition of Clive Hambler’sConservation (Cambridge University Press) is out now.
We continue to relay to you real world evidence as below of the harm wind turbines do to the natural world and why Massachusetts Audubon Society should not build a wind turbine at Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. But you offer no rebuttal beyond, the wind turbine salesman and lobbyists say they only kill a few birds and bats. Do you have any studies of marsh located wind turbines in high volume bird areas not killing lots of birds and bats? Any studies of kill rates from wind turbines in Mass. you wish to share to alleviate our concerns or are they a secret? Then there is the laughable rebuttal that after spending $200,000 of donors money…that you will take it down when it kills too many birds and bats, of course offering no indication what is too many. Then there is possibly the saddest defense, we are already killing birds with our shiny LEED glass building(cats, other building, cars, etc) we don’t think the wind turbine will kill that many more…so we won’t be too ashamed of the harm we will be doing at the WILDLIFE SANCTUARY ENTRUSTED TO US. Does the LEED certificate assess bird kills for building at Wildlife Sanctuaries? Are the money and propaganda from a shiny LEED certified building, solar panel fields and wind energy projects just too good to pass up to honor your stated mission to protect nature and animals that the Sanctuary was intended for? Do you want the scenario from below at the former Massachusetts Audubon Society Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary….soon to be renamed Massachusetts Advanced Power Generation Society Wellfleet Bay Facility? MAS should get out of the business of power generation technology testing and production on protected lands.
Yes we are cynical and angry, that the people entrusted to protect wildlife and nature at WBWS are SELLING OUT for the opportunity to go to posh conferences(flying there on CO2 spewing jets I am sure) to lecture others on all the good power generation projects you are doing at what was once a WILDLIFE SANCTUARY! You will talk about how you cleared another areas for solar panels, installed a fancy shiny glass building that is known to cause birds to smash themselves, installed a 150ft tall wind turbine known to kill bats and birds with a nice big concrete footing that will never be removed….maybe you can talk about damming up an estuary and get some hydro power too at least that won’t kill birds and bats…just estuary creatures and that part of nature? If things go really well you can export even more power. Think of all the former Audubon protected lands that could generate power for cash!!!
Think of the possibilities with current technologies for industrialization of Audubon Lands, “that had just been used for nature” all these years. Why didn’t the previous generation of farsighted conservation giants think to sell out and put these lands to productive sustainable use with their “advanced” power generation technologies. Will history see your decisions as farsighted, yourselves as “giants” of conservation….we think not! Or will you be remembered as the generation that unnecessarily destroyed Audubon land and wildlife for cash, fancy conferences and bragging rights that previous generations of wise conservationists had honorably protected? Your reviled place in history will be assured when an actual benign solution is found that doesn’t include destroying protected land and wildlife? What once every 20 year bird do you plan on killing?
Try this creed when proposing solutions for a better world….FIRST DO NO HARM!
Around 40 people were watching the White-throated Needletail, the world's fastest flying bird, on the Isles of Harris when the tragedy happened.
Sightings of the bird have only been recorded eight times in the UK in nearly 170 years, most recently in 1991, prompting around 80 ornithologists to visit the island in the hope of catching a glimpse.
John Marchant, a project coordinator for the British Trust for Ornithology, visited the island on a specially-arranged trip with a group of other birdwatchers and witnessed the death.
The 62-year-old bird enthusiast said he travelled from Norfolk when he heard about the arrival of the bird, which had brown, blue and black bird plumage.
“We were absolutely over the moon and thrilled to see the bird. We watched it for nearly two hours. While we were watching it suddenly it was a bit close to the turbine and then the blades hit it,” he said.
"We all rushed up to the turbine, which took about five minutes, hoping it had just been knocked out the sky but was ok. Unfortunately it had a blow to the head and was stone dead.”
David Campbell, from Surrey, told BBC Scotland the incident took place late on Wednesday afternoon. Speaking as he made his way home, he said: “We just watched the whole thing with dismay."
Josh Jones, of Bird Guides, a specialist website for ornithologists, said he had spoken to witnesses, who had seen the bird fly straight into one the turbine’s blades.
He said: “It is ironic that after waiting so long for this bird to turn up in the UK it was killed by a wind turbine and not a natural predator.
“More than 80 people had already arrived on the island and others were coming from all over the country. But it just flew into the turbine. It was killed instantly. The corpse will be sent to a museum but obviously this is just terrible.”
Experts said they thought the bird had got lost migrating from Siberia and it should have been as far away as Australia or Japan instead of Tarbert on the Isle of Harris.
It was spotted by chance on Monday by two birdwatchers from Northumberland holidaying on the island. Steve Duffield, a Western Isles wildlife expert, said: “The bird in Harris was hanging around for its third day – it was attracting a lot of attention from the birding community with people travelling from southern England to see it.”
During the 1991 sighting, a single bird was spotted four times in Kent, Staffordshire, Derbyshire and finally Shetland.
The White-throated Needletail, also known as the Needle-tailed Swift or Spine-tailed Swift, is known to fly up at speeds of up to 69mph, although there are unconfirmed reports of them reaching 105mph.
The birds have very short legs, which they use only for clinging to vertical surfaces, and they build their nests in rock crevices in cliffs or hollow trees. They spend most of their lives in the air, living on the insects they catch in their beaks.
They breed in rocky hills in central Asia and southern Siberia but migrate south to the Indian Subcontinent, southeast Asia and Australia.
The SNP administration at Holyrood is pressing ahead with a rapid expansion in the number of wind farms after setting a target to generate the equivalent of all Scotland’s electricity from renewable sources by 2020.
The following from the BBC shows the tortured semantics of sustainability and reduced pollution when it comes to wind turbines. Here is the plan for old wind turbines ....give them to others, turn them into play things for children or BURN the plastics, resins and balsa wood blades to make more concrete, we assume for massive concrete bases for more wind turbines. These are the supposed paragons of sustainability. BURNING PLASTIC AND RESIN FOR EVER MORE CONCRETE to pour into our open spaces...with no plan to ever remove it! ! No wonder that BIOSMASS, wind and solar have reduced almost no CO2. Can some renewable expert explain this to us....why burning 1000's of Tons of plastic and resin is good for the environment? Why do they keep piling up ever more waste of these sustainable machines? We can only imagine what they do with the waste from Solar panels. At least burning wood and calling it BIOMASS is honest...well except burning wood is more polluting and higher in CO2 output than Natural Gas. Odd that massive tax advantages and rules are for BIOMASS. More propaganda and more fraud...all while being given billions! While doing very little to reduce CO2. AWFUL!
Dealing with the massive devices when they are replaced by more efficient ones is expected to become an increasingly weighty issue.
The SNH-commissioned report quotes a forecast that by 2034 there will be a need to recycle about 225,000 tonnes of rotor blade material every year worldwide. Several ways of recycling past-it machinery are mentioned in the report.
Community wind farms
Small community-owned renewable energy schemes could be in the market for second hand turbines. Isle of Gigha Heritage Trust bought three used Vestas machines in 2004. The turbines - dubbed the Dancing Ladies - generate almost all the electricity the islanders need and an annual profit of £93,500 for Gigha Renewable Energy, the firm owned by the residents that operates the small wind farm.
Eastern Europe and Latin America
Reconditioned second hand turbines are in demand worldwide. The SNH report said a two-year waiting list for new machines was a factor driving up sales of used turbines. They also cost 40% less than devices fresh off the production line. Eastern Europe, Latin America and Asia are among the biggest buyers. The report said more than 5,000 second-hand turbines were expected to go on sale in Europe this year.
In Holland parts of towers and even large blades have been transformed into play equipment for a children's park. The researchers described this reuse as "innovative", but added that how much decommissioned gear could be used in this way was limited.
The mixture of materials used to make the blades, they include plastics, resins and balsa wood, are hard to separate and then put to other uses, according to the report. Germany is home to the world's only industrial-scale factory for reprocessing blades. Various saws are used to chop them up into chunks which are then shredded and then hammered into 5cm-long fragments. These are then mixed with other wet waste material and used as fuel at a cement-making factory. The report said the reprocessing firm deals with up to 500 tonnes of unwanted turbine blades a month.
Dear Mr Prescott, Director Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary and Mass Audubon,
They say a picture is worth a thousand words. We are sure that the manufacturer and advisers for the Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary Wind Turbine assure you, as they did for these turbines, that the turbines are rock solid in high winds. As you can see from the pictures…assurances from the fledging wind industry are pretty useless, kind of like the estimates of bat and bird kills by wind turbines.
You can see from the pictures, they didn’t build these turbines right next to a place meant for groups of people, especially a place with the express purpose of highlighting and protecting nature. We find it bizarre(and sad) that people who wish to highlight and protect nature would endangered nature and people from the obvious risk of such a large high speed machine high in the sky. Is your idealism really that strong that no amount of danger or harm is too much, as long as the intention is right? At least these wind energy developers had the “sense” to build these large machines away from people as it is obvious to almost everyone, well except yourselves, the danger these large machines represent, when things go wrong.
What kind of training are you planning for, when your machine on the tower starts to break apart at your Power Generation Facility/Public Wildlife Sanctuary? Will you have duck and cover turbine failure hand-outs & drills? Tower collapse avoidance guidelines for visitors? What is your plan when a turbine goes out of control, as they do? The “locking” mechanisms fail with some regularity. You are aware that the blades came off the two blade wind turbine in Nantucket at a much slower wind speed, something like 40mph much less than the 112mph & 77mph in the following examples. Will you evacuate the WBWS when the wind approaches 40mph? Will you have a reserve fund as wind turbines are notorious for breaking blades and transmissions…and of course the higher liability insurance? Then there is the cost of daily cleanup crews for the dead bodies of birds and bats?
We assume you are going to change the name to “Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Power Generation Area” to reflect your changing mission, correct?? Sanctuary isn’t really appropriate according to the dictionary. What other projects are in the future for this soon to be former wildlife “sanctuary” as you don’t want to exchange products with the outside world…sustainable right?… Garbage Dump, Farming(coffee, sugar cane, cranberries, etc), Lumbering(paper making/construction), Hunting, think of the many purposes the land of a former Sanctuary can be put to. A Wildlife Sanctuary is obviously too simplistic for Mass Audubon’s Sustainable Mission, so why stop at fields of solar panels and towers of wind machinery….why limit yourselves to power generation. Think of the payments you could get from those industries...your purchased support of Cape Wind was lucrative, solar is lucrative, Wind Turbines are Lucrative…so just think of the possible industries you could support for cash.
Was Audubon a proponent of industrial use of the land? Maybe removing his name might be appropriate as well with your changing mission….as people know him for birds, animals and nature, not water power and lumbering…the sustainable power of his time. Fields of solar panel panels and wind turbines to power computers, a/c and lights in fancy buildings with lots of glass for birds to crash into, doesn’t really seem true to his legacy..
We have also included a nice article with pictures about the killing of birds with the beautiful quote “…total wrongness-in-every-way of the wind industry”
Hopefully this project will be abandon sooner rather than later. Is your mission really power generation?
Can you forward any evidence countering these real world examples? We suspect you have been a party to the secret wind turbine post construction bird and bat kill monitoring reports in Massachusetts. They never seem to see the light of day, unlike all the glowing pre-construction reports plastered about every project. Always a promise to monitor…just no public report. How many eagles, hawks, osprey, bats…. Do you know?
First there were the wind farms that had to be shut down if it got a bit blowy. Then there was the turbine that burst into flames in a gale a month ago.
And now three turbines have been wrecked in the latest bout of rough weather – sweeping away any remaining illusions that strong winds simply mean more electricity being generated.
Danger: The firm which made these damaged turbines in the Hepworth and Upper Cumberworth areas of Huddersfield has promised a full investigation after villagers saw blades being flung off in high winds
One of them stands – rather forlornly now – off a country road called Windmill Lane.
The damage raises yet more questions about the ability of such machines to cope with serious weather, let alone produce very much electricity.
Adding to such concerns will be the revelation yesterday that wind farms in Scotland were paid nearly £300,000 in the first five days of this year to close down because it was too windy.
The three damaged turbines all stand within a mile of one another in the countryside around Huddersfield, West Yorkshire.
The one in Windmill Lane in the village of Upper Cumberworth lost one of its three blades, and another in the same village lost two.
Broken: A wind turbine stands forlorn damaged by the recent gales and high winds near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire
A third, in nearby Hepworth, lost all three, with debris blown across a road into a neighbouring property.
The damage occurred on Thursday night when, according to the Met Office wind speeds near Huddersfield peaked at 77mph during fierce storms which felled trees, tore off roof tiles and damaged power cables.
Local residents say the falling blades could have injured or killed someone as they were flung to the ground.
Frances Barnes, who has ten acres of grazing land for horses nearby, said: ‘It is worrying. People objected to the plans when they first went in – not because it is a windmill but because it is so close to a busy road.
The blades on the mast are 15ft long and one was blown right across a road
‘It is frightening to think what may have happened had one of the blades flown into the road and hit a car, or indeed if the wind turbine had come down.’
The 10kw turbines were made by Evoco, which says they have been through a ‘four-year period of in-house testing’.
The company, which claimed on its website they could ‘withstand harsh winters and wind speeds in excess of 90mph’ has begun an investigation.
The turbines are not part of a wind farm but sold individually to landowners to generate their own electricity and sell any excess back to the National Grid.
The company said it had installed 100 turbines in the area and all have been ‘braked’ so that they stop spinning until modifications are made.
A spokesman said: ‘We have recently experienced a series of turbine faults in a localised area of rural West Yorkshire area during record-breaking high winds.
‘Evoco turbines have recently weathered three lots of hurricane force winds, in which the overwhelming majority of our turbines have operated without any problems.
‘No one was hurt in the incidents, which are being investigated thoroughly. Health and safety issues are of primary importance to us, and we work to rigorous standards to maintain our excellent record.’
Christine Smith, a local Conservative councillor said: ‘This shows they can be very dangerous, these blades could have fallen on someone’s car or home. They are lucky someone was not walking nearby.
‘Wind turbines are flawed, they don’t work when it’s too windy, and don’t work when it’s not windy enough. There are much better alternatives to use less energy such as under-floor heating and insulation.
Fiery: Last month a 300ft wind turbine in Ardrossan, Ayrshire, exploded into flames when it was buffeted by high winds
‘These companies are putting in applications left, right and centre, and telling people they can make a lot of money out of them, but I think we need to look at some of these concerns before allowing any more to be built.’
Last month a 300ft turbine in Ardrossan, North Ayrshire, erupted in flames during gales of 165mph. It was said to have been switched off, but had a ‘brake system failure’.
In Scotland the £300,000 payments over the first five days of this year were shared by four turbine operators.
The controversial ‘constraint payments’ were made because they produced more energy than the National Grid could handle and had to shut down.
Up to 32,000 wind turbines could be built in England and Wales over the next 40 years to meet government targets.
Last year 17 wind farm operators were paid £7million to shut down on 40 occasions between January and September.
Gull decapitated by a Brighton wind turbine: copyright Marian Cleary
I wonder what it will take before the world truly wakes up to the horror, the corruption, the expense, the pointlessness, the total wrongness-in-every-way of the wind industry. My guess – and it will happen – is the decapitation, by a rogue turbine blade, of an innocent passer-by.
Till then, though, we have photographs like this to send the mind boggling as to why anyone, anywhere can still be so purblind as to go on championing these bat-chomping, bird-slicing eco crucifixes. What's particularly interesting about this one is that it was taken in the constituency of one of wind power's most fervent and tireless advocates, Caroline Lucas MP.
Here's a picture of the Brighton Bird Chomper
Brighton Bird Chomper – copyright Marian Cleary
and here is another picture of the hapless gull.
Copyright Marian Cleary
Marian Cleary – who Tweets as @soundwords – takes up the story on Twitter:
All quite horrific really. Been asked if it's photoshopped. Nope. Was at Varndean College, Brighton.
The wind turbine was going bonkers so I was filming it with the clouds moving behind the blades.
I didn't get the incident on film but then a guy called me over and said that the bird had been got.
Careful, Marian. You now run the risk that someone from the wind industry will claim you chopped off that gull's head yourself, probably because you are in the pay of Big Oil….
Now it might have been interesting to ring up the RSPB for a reaction. But there's no point because we know what they think already. As far as the RSPB is concerned, the many thousands of birds destroyed by wind turbines each year are acceptable collateral damage in the war on "climate change." So committed is the Royal Society for the Prevention of Birds to renewable energy that it has actually teamed up with Ecotricity – the one run by Dale Vince – in a promotional deal to encourage more wind farm building. For chapter and verse, read my expose here.
But the birds and bats are the least of it, terrible though the carnage is. It's the human cost, surely, which should concern us more.
Consider the plight of the communities in Canada, where the wind industry is even more aggressive than it is here. One Ontario resident,Esther Wrightman so objected to the Golgotha of 400 foot wind turbines being planned for her area that she created a satirical website mocking the wind developer NextEra energy. She even filmed them chopping down a tree with an eagle's nest in it in order to make way for the turbines. How did NextEra – market capitalisation $32 billion – respond to her not exactly unreasonable objections? Why by suing the pants off her, of course.
What I wish is that one of our MPs could be quite as outspoken as good old Alby. Chris Heaton Harris has fought a good fight, as have Owen Paterson, John Hayes, Peter Lilley and Glyn Davies. But they've all been hamstrung by the presence in the Coalition of ideological eco-loons like Ed Davey who, even now, despite the copious evidence against, persist in championing wind energy as the way forward. They're further hamstrung by the Conservative party's ludicrous policy fudge whereby, apparently, there is such a thing as a "wind turbine in the right place" and that this mythical beast includes all offshore wind developments.
Economically, of course, offshore wind makes even less sense than onshore, not least because it requires twice the subsidy, but also because, as most engineers privately admit, these sea-based turbines are disasters waiting to happen and are highly unlikely to stay up any length of time. And while we're on this subject, what on earth is The Times doing shilling for Big Wind with this utter non-story about how Donald Trump is apparently threatening to cost "British SMEs dear"thanks to his opposition to an offshore wind development near his golf course in Scotland? The supposedly neutral source they quote for this story is The Carbon Trust, the government quango to which we taxpayers must contribute £44 million a year to enable it to dream up inventive new ways to cripple our economy with carbon emissions reductions schemes.
Yet another reason to vote UKIP, the only British party with a sensible policy on this green nonsense.
The following is a letter concerning Mass Audubon's pursuit to build a 143 ft tall 43 ft blade wind turbine in the middle of Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary....yes a WILDLIFE SANCTUARY. They have already bulldozed an area for solar generation and erected Solar Panel in another area. They are so proud of themselves as a Power Generation Facility! If you feel a Wildlife Sanctuary pass down through the generations shouldn't use its land for Power Generation, let them know email@example.com.
Letter to Mass Audubon Wellfleet Bay Wildlife Sanctuary
June 22 2013
To whom it may concern,
I am, sadly, unable and unwilling to renew my membership in Mass Audubon due to the ill-advised multiple attempts by the director of my local center, Robert Prescott , to install super-size wind turbines in what is meant to be a bird and wildlife sanctuary.
These nuisances are well known to kill raptors, bats and songbirds as they innocently fly by as well as causing other wildlife to flee the area due to the distress caused by the constant noise and vibrations emitted by these machines. This is well documented in many studies and even in the environmental literature.
Many of us here in the Wellfleet area are perplexed as to why Mr. Prescott continues with these attempts. He has built an otherwise wonderful center, with its “green” building, composting toilets and solar array. Does that not suffice?
Remove Mr. Prescott from his post and please stop pursuing erecting these inefficient wind turbines that do little beyond killing and endangering wildlife and wrecking beautiful and pristine lands.
A new analysis of government and industry figures shows that wind turbine owners received £1.2billion in the form of a consumer subsidy, paid by a supplement on electricity bills last year.
They employed 12,000 people, to produce an effective £100,000 subsidy on each job.
The disclosure is potentially embarrassing for the wind industry, which claims it is an economically dynamic sector that creates jobs. It was described by critics as proof the sector was not economically viable, with one calling it evidence of “soft jobs” that depended on the taxpayer.
The subsidy was disclosed in a new analysis of official figures, which showed that:
• The level of support from subsidies in some cases is so high that jobs are effectively supported to the extent of £1.3million each;
• In Scotland, which has 203 onshore wind farms — more than anywhere else in the UK — just 2,235 people are directly employed to work on them despite an annual subsidy of £344million. That works out at £154,000 per job;